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Table 3 Clinical characteristics, use of therapeutic procedures and hospital outcomes before and after propensity score matching in women patients hospitalized with hemorrhagic stroke according to the presence of type 2 diabetes

From: Sex-related disparities in the incidence and outcomes of hemorrhagic stroke among type 2 diabetes patients: a propensity score matching analysis using the Spanish National Hospital Discharge Database for the period 2016–18

Variables Before PSM After PSM
T2DM No T2DM p-value T2DM No T2DM p-value
Nontraumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage, n (%) 593 (13.26) 5603 (27.33)  < 0.001 593 (13.26) 607 (13.57) 0.664
Nontraumatic intracerebral hemorrhage, n (%) 2665 (59.58) 10,914 (53.23)  < 0.001 2665 (59.58) 2671 (59.71) 0.897
Other and unspecified nontraumatic intracranial hemorrhage, n (%) 1215 (27.16) 3985 (19.44)  < 0.001 1215 (27.16) 1195 (26.72) 0.633
Age, mean (SD) 78.39 (9.75) 72.33 (14.74)  < 0.001 78.39 (9.75) 79.18 (9.94)  < 0.001
CCI mean (SD) 0.67 (0.83) 0.46 (0.69)  < 0.001 0.67 (0.83) 0.61 (0.79) 0.001
Obesity, n (%) 471 (10.53) 894 (4.36)  < 0.001 471 (10.53) 380 (8.5) 0.001
Hypertension, n (%) 3079 (68.84) 10,026 (48.9)  < 0.001 3079 (68.84) 3259 (72.86)  < 0.001
Lipid metabolism disorders, n (%) 2147 (48) 5219 (25.46)  < 0.001 2147 (48) 2117 (47.33) 0.525
Renal disease, n (%) 575 (12.85) 1032 (5.03)  < 0.001 575 (12.85) 480 (10.73) 0.002
Atrial fibrillation, n (%) 1217 (27.21) 3425 (16.71)  < 0.001 1217 (27.21) 1189 (26.58) 0.504
Congestive heart failure, n (%) 322 (7.2) 697 (3.4)  < 0.001 322 (7.2) 276 (6.17) 0.052
Peripheral vascular disease, n (%) 96 (2.15) 298 (1.45) 0.001 96 (2.15) 69 (1.54) 0.034
Acute myocardial infarction, n (%) 108 (2.41) 212 (1.03)  < 0.001 108 (2.41) 98 (2.19) 0.481
Dementia, n (%) 444 (9.93) 1472 (7.18)  < 0.001 444 (9.93) 427 (9.55) 0.544
Anemia, n (%) 205 (4.58) 517 (2.52)  < 0.001 205 (4.58) 143 (3.2) 0.001
Alcohol abuse, n (%) 38 (0.85) 365 (1.78)  < 0.001 38 (0.85) 41 (0.92) 0.735
Depression, n (%) 367 (8.2) 1550 (7.56) 0.142 367 (8.2) 314 (7.02) 0.035
Sepsis, n (%) 50 (1.12) 204 (1) 0.458 50 (1.12) 27 (0.6) 0.008
Use of oral anticoagulants,, n (%) 915 (20.46) 2517 (12.28)  < 0.001 915 (20.46) 850 (19.00) 0.084
Use of antiplatelet agents, n (%) 598 (13.37) 1369 (6.68)  < 0.001 598 (13.37) 543 (12.14) 0.081
Mechanical ventilation, n (%) 426 (9.52) 2729 (13.31)  < 0.001 426 (9.52) 440 (9.84) 0.617
Decompressive craniectomy, n (%) 149 (3.33) 1064 (5.19)  < 0.001 149 (3.33) 190 (4.25) 0.023
LOHS, median (IQR) 7 (11) 8 (13)  < 0.001 7 (11) 7 (11) 0.848
In-hospital mortality, n (%) 1471 (32.89) 5830 (28.44)  < 0.001 1471 (32.89) 1379 (30.83) 0.037
  1. PSM Propensity Score Matching, T2DM type 2 diabetes mellitus, CCI Charlson comorbidity index, LOHS length of hospital stay