Skip to main content

Table 2 Clinical characteristics, use of therapeutic procedures and hospital outcomes before and after propensity score matching in men patients hospitalized with hemorrhagic stroke according to the presence of type 2 diabetes

From: Sex-related disparities in the incidence and outcomes of hemorrhagic stroke among type 2 diabetes patients: a propensity score matching analysis using the Spanish National Hospital Discharge Database for the period 2016–18

Variables Before PSM After PSM
T2DM No T2DM p-value T2DM No T2DM p-value
Nontraumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage, n (%) 627 (8.43) 3836 (15.99)  < 0.001 627 (8.43) 598 (8.04) 0.387
Nontraumatic intracerebral hemorrhage, n (%) 4341 (58.33) 13,225 (55.14)  < 0.001 4341 (58.33) 4372 (58.75) 0.606
Other and unspecified nontraumatic intracranial hemorrhage, n (%) 2474 (33.24) 6922 (28.86)  < 0.001 2474 (33.24) 2472 (33.22) 0.972
Age, mean (SD) 73.99 (10.7) 69.81 (14.21)  < 0.001 73.99 (10.7) 74.46 (11.39) 0.009
CCI mean (SD) 0.78 (0.89) 0.57 (0.78)  < 0.001 0.78 (0.89) 0.72 (0.88)  < 0.001
Obesity, n (%) 595 (8.00) 1026 (4.28)  < 0.001 595 (8) 511 (6.87) 0.009
Hypertension, n (%) 4936 (66.33) 12,066 (50.31)  < 0.001 4936 (66.33) 5194 (69.79)  < 0.001
Lipid metabolism disorders, n (%) 3495 (46.96) 5944 (24.78)  < 0.001 3495 (46.96) 3429 (46.08) 0.278
Renal disease, n (%) 1053 (14.15) 1553 (6.48)  < 0.001 1053 (14.15) 901 (12.11)  < 0.001
Atrial fibrillation, n (%) 1662 (22.33) 4048 (16.88)  < 0.001 1662 (22.33) 1598 (21.47) 0.205
Congestive heart failure, n (%) 427 (5.74) 806 (3.36)  < 0.001 427 (5.74) 383 (5.15) 0.112
Peripheral vascular disease, n (%) 439 (5.9) 790 (3.29)  < 0.001 439 (5.9) 404 (5.43) 0.215
Acute myocardial infarction, n (%) 385 (5.17) 699 (2.91)  < 0.001 385 (5.17) 346 (4.65) 0.139
Dementia, n (%) 357 (4.8) 1033 (4.31) 0.073 357 (4.8) 337 (4.53) 0.437
Anemia, n (%) 205 (2.75) 421 (1.76)  < 0.001 205 (2.75) 169 (2.27) 0.059
Alcohol abuse, n (%) 667 (8.96) 2280 (9.51) 0.160 667 (8.96) 601 (8.08) 0.053
Depression, n (%) 246 (3.31) 706 (2.94) 0.112 246 (3.31) 199 (2.67) 0.024
Sepsis, n (%) 114 (1.53) 343 (1.43) 0.522 114 (1.53) 93 (1.25) 0.142
Use of oral anticoagulants, n (%) 1262 (16.96) 3109 (12.96)  < 0.001 1262 (16.96) 1217 (16.35) 0.322
Use of antiplatelet agents, n (%) 1138 (15.29) 2048 (8.53)  < 0.001 1138 (15.29) 1069 (14.36) 0.111
Mechanical ventilation, n (%) 826 (11.10) 3134 (13.07)  < 0.001 826 (11.10) 820 (11.02) 0.875
Decompressive craniectomy, n (%) 441 (5.93) 1567 (6.53) 0.061 441 (5.93) 505 (6.79) 0.032
LOHS, median (IQR) 7 (11) 7 (12) 0.060 7 (11) 7 (11) 0.519
In-hospital mortality, n (%) 1968 (26.44) 5704 (23.78)  < 0.001 1968 (26.44) 1865 (25.06) 0.054
  1. PSM Propensity Score Matching, T2DM Type 2 diabetes mellitus, CCI Charlson comorbidity index, LOHS length of hospital stay