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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population

From: Association of TyG index and TG/HDL-C ratio with arterial stiffness progression in a non-normotensive population

  Characteristics (N = 1895)
At baseline
 Age (years) 61.90 (12.75)
 Sex (men, %) 1477 (77.9)
 Occupation (n, %)  
  Manager 392 (20.7)
  Technician or professional 214 (11.3)
  Worker 187 (9.9)
  Retired 1102 (58.1)
 BMI 26.52 (3.22)
 Physical activity (n, %) 964 (50.9)
 Smoking status: none/former/current (n, %) 1128 (59.6)/285 (15.0)/482 (25.4)
 Current drinking (n, %) 844 (44.5)
 SBP (mmHg) 139.64 (12.69)
 DBP (mmHg) 78.67 (10.06)
 MAP (mmHg) 98.99 (8.60)
 Hypertension (n, %) 1013 (53.5)
 Antihypertensive medication (n, %) 267 (26.4)
 Diabetes (n, %) 323 (17.0)
 Dyslipidaemia (n, %) 773 (40.8)
 FBG (mmol/L) 5.79 (1.48)
 PBG (mmol/L) 7.72 (2.61)
 HbA1c (%) 5.94 (0.82)
 Triglyceride (mmol/L) 1.86 (1.62)
 Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 4.81 (0.98)
 LDL-C (mmol/L) 3.11 (0.88)
 HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.25 (0.32)
 eGFR (mL/min per 1.73 m2) 90.88 (26.05)
 Uric acid (μmol/L) 365.83 (84.67)
 Homocysteine (μmol/L) 12.74 (7.66)
 TyG index 1.42 [1.03,1.83]
 TG/HDL-C ratio 1.22 [0.78,1.96]
 baPWV (cm/s) 1538.00 [1392.00,1769.50]
At last visit of follow up
 baPWV (cm/s) 1603.00 [1412.00,1815.50]
 Change of baPWV (cm/s) 46.00 [− 251.00,309.50]
 Change rate of baPWV (cm/s/year) 9.00 [− 57.22,64.29]
 Slope of baPWV 8.11 [− 54.72,66.96]
 Hypertension (n, %) 1348 (71.1)
 Antihypertensive medication (n, %) 562 (41.7)
 Antidiabetic medication (n, %) 151 (8.0)
 Lipid-lowering medication (n, %) 273 (14.4)
  1. Data are the mean (SD), median [IQR] or number (%)
  2. BMI: body mass index; SBP: systolic blood pressure; DBP: diastolic blood pressure; MAP: mean arterial pressure; FBG: fasting blood glucose; PBG: postprandial blood glucose; HbA1c: glycated haemoglobin; HDL-C: high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C: low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; eGFR: estimated glomerular filtration rate; TyG: triglyceride glucose; baPWV: brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity