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Table 5 Characteristics of the study population according to computed tomography lung involvement

From: Epicardial adipose tissue and severe Coronavirus Disease 19

  < 25% CT lung involvement \(\ge\) 25% CT lung involvement p
n = 81 n = 18
Age (years) 61.2 ± 15.4 62.9 ± 19.2 0.81
Sex (male) 50 (61.7) 13 (72.2) 0.40
Ethnicity
 Caucasian 28 (35) 4 (22)  
 Arabic 13 (16) 1 (6)  
 Afro-Caribbean 26 (32) 8 (44)  
 Asian 9 (11) 5 (28)  
 Other 5 (6) 0 0.17
Body mass index (kg/m2) 29.2 ± 6.1 28.7 ± 6.6 0.75
Waist circumference (cm) 105.3 ± 16.6 105.6 ± 14.4 0.73
Comorbidities
 Obesity 38 (47) 9 (50) 0.88
 Hypertension 40 (49.4) 13 (72.2) 0.08
 Diabetes 36 (44.4) 5 (27.8) 0.19
 Cardiovascular disease 6 (7.4) 1 (5.6) 0.78
 Lung disease 4 (5.1) 1 (5.6) 0.94
Biological parameters
 White cells (*103/µl) 6.9 ± 2.7 8.1 ± 3.0 0.06
 C-reactive protein (mg/dl) 72.7 ± 83.2 125.8 ± 86.4 0.01
 Procalcitonin (µg/l) 0.4 ± 1.6 1.6 ± 4.1 0.10
 Ferritinemia (ng/ml) 1101 ± 2391 1268 ± 1004 0.09
 d-Dimers (ng/ml) 1550 ± 2400 1970 ± 2233 0.40
 Albuminemia (g/l) 33.5 ± 5.1 33.1 ± 5.1 0.95
Radiological parameters
 EAT volume (cm3) 115 ± 48 116 ± 60 0.95
  1. Data are n (%) or mean ± standard deviation; p-values < 0.05 are identified in bold case
  2. CT computed tomography, EAT epicardial adipose tissue