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Table 1 Participants characteristics by diabetes type at echocardiography visit, 2015–2019

From: A cross sectional study to compare cardiac structure and diastolic function in adolescents and young adults with youth-onset type 1 and type 2 diabetes: The SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study

  Type 1, n = 258 Type 2, n = 221 p value
Age (years) 21.2 ± 5.2 24.8 ± 4.3  < 0.0001
Sex, Female (n,%) 139 (53.9%) 163 (73.8%)  < 0.0001
Race     < 0.0001
 Non-Hispanic White (n,%) 156 (60.5%) 54 (24.4%)  
 Non-Hispanic Black (n,%) 48 (18.6%) 125 (56.6%)  
 Hispanic (n,%) 29 (11.2%) 27 (12.2%)  
 Asian, Native American (n,%) 25 (9.7%) 15 (6.8%)  
Diabetes duration (years) 11.9 (9.1; 13.3) 11.3 (6.8: 13.3) 0.1911
BMI (kg/m2) 25.9 ± 5.3 38.0 ± 9.5  < 0.0001
BMI z-score 0.8 ± 0.9 2.0 ± 0.6  < 0.0001
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 172.5, 48.0 185.0, 58.0 0.0143
LDL-C (mg/dl) 103.4 ± 32.7 112.3 ± 40.0 0.0092
HDL-C (mg/dl) 56.3 ± 14.6 42.3 ± 11.6  < 0.0001
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 77.0 (55.5: 106.0) 122.0 (85.0: 193.0)  < 0.0001
Systolic BP (mmHg) 110.3 ± 12.0 123.2 ± 16.8  < 0.0001
Systolic BP z-score − 0.5 ± 1.1 0.5 ± 1.2  < 0.0001
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 72.1 ± 10.3 80.1 ± 11.6  < 0.0001
Diastolic BP z-score 0.5 ± 1.0 1.2 ± 0.9  < 0.0001
Hemoglobin A1c (%) 9.0 ± 1.9 9.5 ± 3.0 0.0397
Current smokers (n%) 31 (12.3%) 42 (19.5%) 0.0319
Days of vigorous physical activity 2 (0; 4) 0 (0; 3) 0.0001
  1. Data are mean ± SD, n (%) or median (IQR)