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Table 4 Multivariate analysis of AF and SAF risk factors in DM+ and DM– study groups

From: Relationship between diabetes mellitus and atrial fibrillation prevalence in the Polish population: a report from the Non-invasive Monitoring for Early Detection of Atrial Fibrillation (NOMED-AF) prospective cross-sectional observational study

  DM+ DM−
OR 95% CI p OR 95%CI p
AF risk
Age 1.050 1.034–1.067 < 0.001 1.043 1.024–1.061 < 0.001
Male 1.715 1.314–2.238 < 0.001 2.234 1.706–2.927 < 0.001
Myocardial infarction 1.188 0.773–1.827 0.430 0.818 0.560–1.193 0.295
Coronary artery disease 1.152 0.847–1.565 0.365 1.410 1.010–1.967 0.043
Thyroid disease 1.989 1.377–2.874 < 0.001 1.237 0.860–1.778 0.251
COPD 0.884 0.571–1.367 0.577 0.841 0.576–1.228 0.369
Peripheral or systemic thromboembolism 1.919 1.280–2.879 0.002 1.037 0.642–1.675 0.881
PAD 1.087 0.765–1.545 0.640 0.882 0.624–1.246 0.475
TIA 1.179 0.865–1.606 0.295 1.266 0.895–1.790 0.182
PCI or CABG 0.229 0.148–0.354 < 0.001 0.706 0.453–1.101 0.124
Heart failure 3.389 2.423–4.740 < 0.001 2.882 2.098–3.958 < 0.001
Hypertension 2.160 1.268–3.680 0.005 1.179 0.865–1.607 0.297
Chronic kidney disease 0.876 0.659–1.164 0.360 1.577 1.219–2.402 0.001
Physical activity 0.738 0.570–0.955 0.021 1.204 0.895–1.620 0.219
BMI > 30 1.445 1.148–1.820 0.002 1.378 1.017–1.868 0.039
NT pro-BNP >= 125 2.185 1.630–2.930 < 0.001 1.920 1.275–2.892 0.002
SAF risk
Age 1.057 1.037–1.078 < 0.001 1.065 1.038–1.092 < 0.001
Male 2.011 1.383–2.925 < 0.001 2.974 2.050–4.135 < 0.001
Myocardial infarction 1.008 0.528–1.925 0.980 0.458 0.228–0.920 0.028
Coronary artery disease 1.067 0.671–1.696 0.783 1.137 0.732–1.767 0.567
Thyroid disease 2.218 1.303–3.776 0.004 0.974 0.598–1.589 0.917
COPD 1.005 0.561–1.799 0.988 0.540 0.318–0.919 0.023
Peripheral or systemic thromboembolism 1.887 1.131–3.150 0.015 1.307 0.654–2.612 0.447
PAD 1.560 0.997–2.441 0.052 0.786 0.474–1.304 0.350
TIA 1.537 0.980–2.411 0.061 1.446 0.919–2.277 0.111
PCI or CABG 0.314 0.172–0.575 < 0.001 1.144 0.593–2.205 0.687
Heart failure 1.888 1.167–3.053 0.010 2.160 1.412–3.304 < 0.001
Hypertension 2.839 1.264–6.377 0.012 0.746 0.518–1.073 0.113
Chronic kidney disease 1.388 0.922–2.089 0.115 1.438 1.028–2.012 0.034
Physical activity 0.809 0.547–1.197 0.287 1.138 0.823–1.574 0.434
BMI > 30 1.493 1.027–2.171 0.036 1.008 0.700–1.452 0.966
NT pro-BNP >= 125 2.422 1.416–4.142 0.001 2.369 1.250–4.489 0.008
  1. BMI: body mass index; CABG: coronary artery bypass grafting; COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; CRP: c reactive protein; PAD: peripheral arterial disease; PCI: percutaneous, coronary intervention; TIA: transient ischemic attack
  2. Bold value indicates in the table are considered to be statistically significant (p < 0.05)