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Table 3 Demographic and clinical data of ICAS patients with stable and unstable plaque

From: Association between carotid plaque vulnerability and high mobility group box-1 serum levels in a diabetic population

  USP (n = 159) SP (n = 188) p value
Men/female, n 57:102 69:119 0.321b
Age (years  ±  SD) 72.2 ± 3.3 72.3 ± 3.9 0.241a
Smoking (current), n (%) 53 (33.3) 63 (33.5) 0.157b
Smoking (former), n (%) 65 (40.9) 80 (42.4) 0.159b
Hypertension, n (%) 102 (64.2) 119 (63.3) 0.214b
CAD, n (%) 86 (54.1) 103 (54.8) 0.181b
HIS, n (%) 98 (61.6) 66 (35.1) 0.001b
PAD, n (%) 55 (34.6) 64 (34.0) 0.237b
Hypercholesterolemia, n (%) 133 (83.6) 142 (75.5) 0.003b
LDL-C (mg/dL  ±  SD) 177 ± 24.2 132 ± 18.2 0.001b
  1. USP unstable plaque; SP stable plaque; CAD coronary artery disease; HIS history of ischemic stroke; PAD peripheral artery disease; LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol
  2. aStatistical test performed with Student’s t test
  3. bChi-square test for categorical values