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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Epicardial adipose tissue volume and coronary calcification among people living with diabetes: a cross-sectional study

  Available data Total
Clinical characteristics   
 Age (years) n = 409 57.1 ± 12.4
 Gender (Male/Female) n = 409 218/191
 Body mass index (kg/m2) n = 403 29.1 ± 5.9
 Overweight or obese n = 403 325 (79.5)
 Obese n = 403 158 (38.6)
Ethnicity n = 408  
 Caucasian   88 (21.5)
 Sub-Saharan Africa—Antilles   103 (25.2)
 Middle East, North Africa   146 (35.7)
 Asia   57 (14.0)
 Other   14 (3.4)
Diabetes   
 Type n = 409  
  Type 1   56 (13.7)
  Type 2   318 (77.8)
  Other   35 (8.6)
 Treatment   
  Oral antidiabetic agents n = 408 295 (72.1)
  Glucagon-like peptid 1 agonists n = 408 75 (18.3)
  Insulin n = 408 252 (61.6)
 Time since diagnosis (years) n = 409 14.0 ± 10.2
 HbA1c, % n = 403 9.0 ± 2.3
 Retinopathy n = 392 160 (39.1)
 Macular edema n = 382 44 (10.8)
 Nephropathy n = 390 148 (36.2)
 Albuminuria n = 389 135 (33.0)
 Renal failure n = 409 39 (9.5)
 Neuropathy n = 401 163 (39.9)
 Peripheral arterial occlusive disease n = 409 37 (9.0)
 History of stroke n = 409 13 (3.2)
 History of heart failure n = 356 5 (1.2)
 Coronary artery disease (CAD) n = 409 4 (1.0)
Additional cardiovascular risk factors   
 Family history of premature CAD n = 149 33 (8.1)
 Hypertension n = 408 224 (54.8)
 Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) n = 408 135 ± 18
 Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) n = 408 77 ± 13
 Dyslipidemia n = 408 238 (58.2)
 Total cholesterol (mmol/L) n = 409 4.4 ± 1.2
 HDL cholesterol (mmol/L) n = 409 1.2 ± 0.4
 Triglycerides (mmol/L) n = 409 1.7 ± 1.2
 LDL cholesterol (mmol/L) n = 406 2.4 ± 0.9
 Non HDL cholesterol (mmol/L) n = 409 3.2 ± 1.1
 Current smoking n = 409 71 (17.4)
 Smoking history (pack-year) n = 386 8.2 ± 16.6
Computed tomography results   
 Epicardial adipose tissue volume (cm3) n = 409 92 ± 37
 CAC score (Agatston unit) n = 409 116 ± 332
  1. Data are n (%) or mean ± standard deviation
  2. CAC coronary artery calcium score, CAD coronary artery disease