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Table 2 Associations between cardiac adipose tissue and clinical characteristics as well as measures of cardiac function

From: Relation of cardiac adipose tissue to coronary calcification and myocardial microvascular function in type 1 and type 2 diabetes

 Controls
(n = 30)
Persons with type 1 diabetes
(n = 60)
Persons with type 2 diabetes
(n = 60)
β coefficient (95% CI)pβ coefficient (95% CI)pβ coefficient (95% CI)p
Clinical characteristics
 Age0.007 (0.001; 0.013)0.020.003 (− 0.0001; 0.006)0.060.001 (− 0.001; 0.004)0.27
 Body mass index0.034 (0.017; 0.052)0.00040.039 (0.029; 0.049)< 0.00010.014 (0.003; 0.026)0.02
 LDL cholesterol0.00006 (− 0.006; 0.007)0.990.002 (− 0.001; 0.005)0.200.002 (− 0.0008; 0.004)0.17
 Total cholesterol− 0.001 (− 0.008; 0.005)0.660.002 (− 0.001; 0.006)0.190.002 (− 0.0008; 0.004)0.16
 Lipid lowering treatment− 0.00005 (− 0.002; 0.001)0.950.0001 (− 0.0005; 0.0008)0.68
 Hemoglobin A1c0.0002 (− 0.004; 0.009)0.46− 0.0003 (− 0.004; 0.003)0.840.001 (− 0.001; 0.003)0.37
 Urinary albumin excretion ratea0.006 (0.0005; 0.012)0.030.002 (− 0.002; 0.005)0.310.0016 (− 0.001; 0.004)0.38
 Systolic blood pressure0.005 (− 0.002; 0.011)0.140.002 (− 0.002; 0.005)0.290.0007 (− 0.002; 0.003)0.60
Cardiac measures
 Left ventricle ejection fraction− 0.004 (− 0.01; 0.003)0.23− 0.003 (− 0.006; 0.0003)0.080.0005 (− 0.002; 0.003)0.72
 Coronary artery calcium score0.008 (0.002; 0.013)0.0080.001 (− 0.002; 0.005)0.50− 0.0002 (− 0.003; 0.003)0.89
 Myocardial flow reserve− 0.008 (− 0.014; − 0.003)0.005− 0.0007 (− 0.004; 0.003)0.670.00002 (− 0.003; 0.003)0.98
 Late heart-to-mediastinum ratiob− 0.009 (− 0.022; 0.003)0.12− 0.002 (− 0.006;0.001)0.190.001 (− 0.003; 0.005)0.59
  1. Linear regression analysis. The three groups were analyzed separately. β coefficient represents standardized effects within groups
  2. Italic values indicate significance of p value (p < 0.05)
  3. aUrinary albumin creatinine rate for the persons with type 1 diabetes
  4. bAvailable in 14 controls, 29 persons with type 2 diabetes and 60 persons with type 1 diabetes