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Table 3 Effects of tofogliflozin on brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity after adjusting for traditional CV risk factors and/or administration of drugs

From: Effect of tofogliflozin on arterial stiffness in patients with type 2 diabetes: prespecified sub-analysis of the prospective, randomized, open-label, parallel-group comparative UTOPIA trial

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Right baPWV    
 Week 52 − 78.3 (− 173.1, 16.6) − 87.1 (− 186.0, 11.9) − 90.9 (− 189.9, 8.1) − 84.6 (− 180.6, 11.4)
 Week 104 − 126.5 (− 211.0, − 42.0)# − 136.9 (− 226.5, − 47.2)# − 140.5 (− 230.2, − 50.7)# − 134.4 (− 221.3, − 47.4)#
Left baPWV   
 Week 52 − 77.2 (− 171.0, 16.7) − 92.2 (− 190.0, 5.6) − 94.6 (− 192.7, 3.4) − 82.2 (− 178.3, 14.0)
 Week 104 − 115.6 (− 196.3, − 34.9)# − 132.8 (− 219.3, –46.3)# − 134.6 (− 221.4, –47.8)# − 121.4 (− 205.7, − 37.2)#
Mean baPWV   
 Week 52 − 77.9 (− 170.1, 14.2) − 89.7 (− 185.8, 6.4) − 93.0 (− 189.2, 3.3) − 83.6 (− 177.6, 10.3)
 Week 104 − 121.1 (− 200.5, − 41.6)# − 134.7 (− 219.3, –50.0)# − 137.6 (− 222.5, − 52.7)# − 128.0 (− 210.3, − 45.6)#
  1. Treatment effect (tofogliflozin–conventional treatment) is expressed as mean change (95% CI). Differences in delta change in baPWV from the baseline at weeks 52 and 104 between the groups at each point (treatment effect) were analyzed with a mixed-effects model for repeated measures. *p < 0.05, #p < 0.01, §p < 0.001. Model 1: treatment group, week, interactions between treatment groups and week, body mass index, HbA1c, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride, and systolic blood pressure were included as fixed effects. Model 2: Model 1 plus smoking, DPP-4 inhibitors, pioglitazone, angiotensin-converting enzyme/angiotensin II receptor blocker, statins, and anti-platelets were included as fixed effects. Model 3: Model 1 plus smoking, hypoglycemic agents, angiotensin-converting enzyme/angiotensin II receptor blocker, statins, and anti-platelets were included as fixed effects. Model 4: Model 1 plus hypertension, smoking, hypoglycemic agents, antihypertensive agents, statins, and anti-platelets were included as fixed effects