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Table 3 Effect of SYNTAX score grouping on death and MACCE outcomes of different treatment strategies

From: Real-world outcomes of different treatment strategies in patients with diabetes and three-vessel coronary disease: a mean follow-up 6.3 years study from China

  MT group (N = 913) PCI group (N = 1305) CABG group (N = 899)
HR (95% CI) P value HR (95% CI) P value HR (95% CI) P value
Death
 SYNTAX scores ≤ 22 1.00 (ref) 0.44 (0.29, 0.66) 0.0001 0.40 (0.19, 0.84) 0.0148
 SYNTAX scores 22–32 1.00 (ref) 0.31 (0.21, 0.46)  < 0.0001 0.27 (0.18, 0.42)  < 0.0001
 SYNTAX scores ≥ 33 1.00 (ref) 0.48 (0.29, 0.80) 0.0043 0.38 (0.25, 0.57)  < 0.0001
 SYNTAX scores ≤ 22 2.29 (1.51, 3.47) 0.0001 1.00 (ref) 0.92 (0.45, 1.90) 0.8256
 SYNTAX scores 22–32 3.20 (2.18, 4.70)  < 0.0001 1.00 (ref) 0.87 (0.54, 1.41) 0.5641
 SYNTAX scores ≥ 33 2.09 (1.26, 3.45) 0.0043 1.00 (ref) 0.79 (0.46, 1.36) 0.3976
MACCE
 SYNTAX scores ≤ 22 1.00 (ref) 0.92 (0.70, 1.22) 0.5589 0.55 (0.34, 0.88) 0.0126
 SYNTAX scores 22–32 1.00 (ref) 0.63 (0.48, 0.83) 0.0009 0.45 (0.33, 0.61)  < 0.0001
 SYNTAX scores ≥ 33 1.00 (ref) 0.57 (0.39, 0.84) 0.0038 0.47 (0.34, 0.64)  < 0.0001
 SYNTAX scores ≤ 22 1.09 (0.82, 1.44) 0.5589 1.00 (ref) 0.59 (0.38, 0.93) 0.0215
 SYNTAX scores 22–32 1.59 (1.21, 2.10) 0.0009 1.00 (ref) 0.71 (0.52, 0.97) 0.0299
 SYNTAX scores ≥ 33 1.75 (1.20, 2.56) 0.0038 1.00 (ref) 0.82 (0.55, 1.21) 0.3181
  1. SYNTAX Synergy between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery, MACCE major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events, MI myocardial infarction, MT medical treatment, PCI percutaneous coronary intervention, CABG coronary artery bypass grafting