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Table 3 Risk of cardiovascular events using the FPG, HbA1C, TyG index and concordance/discordance groups

From: Discordance between the triglyceride glucose index and fasting plasma glucose or HbA1C in patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention predicts cardiovascular events: a cohort study from China

  HR (95% CI)
Unadjusted Model 1a Model 2a Model 3a
FPG tertiles
 Q1 (referent)
 Q2 0.99 (0.78–1.27) 1.00 (0.78–1.29) 1.00 (0.77–1.30) 0.98 (0.75–1.26)
 Q3 1.82 (1.46-2.26) 1.81 (1.44-2.26) 1.80 (1.43-2.27) 1.76 (1.39-2.21)
HbA1C tertiles
 Q1 (referent)
 Q2 1.75 (1.31–3.79) 1.78 (1.34–2.36) 1.79 (1.34–2.39) 1.72 (1.29–2.28)
 Q3 2.92 (2.24–3.79) 2.85 (2.18–3.73) 2.89 (2.20–3.80) 2.70 (2.05–3.54)
TyG tertiles
 Q1 (referent)
 Q2 1.42 (1.09–1.86) 1.46 (1.11–1.92) 1.46 (1.01–1.92)§ 1.33 (1.01–1.76)§
 Q3 2.80 (2.21–3.55) 2.81 (2.20–3.60) 2.85 (2.22–3.67) 2.36 (1.82–3.07)
FPG/TyGa
 Low/low (referent)
 Low/High 2.10 (1.56–2.83) 2.21 (1.63–2.99) 2.22 (1.63–3.03) 1.89 (1.38–2.59)
 High/Low 1.41 (1.01–1.96)§ 1.45 (1.03–2.04)§ 1.43 (1.01–2.03)§ 1.52 (1.07–2.15)§
 High/High 2.83 (2.22–3.60) 2.81 (2.19–3.60) 2.83 (2.20–3.65) 2.48 (1.92–3.21)
HbA1C/TyGa
 Low/low (referent)
 Low/High 2.13 (1.50–3.01) 2.20 (1.54–3.13) 2.18 (1.52–3.12) 1.92 (1.33–2.77)
 High/Low 2.12 (1.52–2.95) 2.12 (1.51–2.97) 2.11 (1.50–2.97) 2.28 (1.61–3.23)
 High/High 3.99 (3.01–5.29) 3.93 (2.94–5.26) 3.99 (2.98–5.36) 3.79 (2.78–5.17)
  1. FPG fasting plasma glucose, HbA1C Glycosylated haemoglobin, TyG triglyceride glucose, HR hazard ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. P<0.001
  3. P<0.01
  4. §P<0.05
  5. aThe log-rank test and backward stepwise selection methods in a Cox proportional hazards regression model was performed; Model 1: adjusted for age, sex, BMI; Model 2: Model 1 + current smoker, hypertension, previous MI, previous stroke, previous PCI, previous CABG, ACS status; Model 3: Model 2 + non-HDL-C, lipid-lowering and antidiabetes medication use. Median HbA1C: 6.1%, median FBG: 6.19 mmol/L, median TyG:8.92