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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: The adipokine fatty-acid binding protein 4 and cardiac remodeling

  All (n = 331) Male (n = 236) Female (n = 95) p-value
Baseline characteristics
 Age, mean (sd) 63.1 (12.6) 62.4 (12.9) 64.6 (11.8) 0.156
 Hypertension, n (%) 246 (74.8) 176 (74.9) 70 (74.5) 1.00
 Diabetes, n (%) 57 (17.4) 47 (20.1) 10 (10.6) 0.06
 Active smoking, n (%) 59 (18.0) 42 (17.9) 17 (18.3) < 0.001
 Coronary artery disease, n (%) 140 (42.6) 114 (48.5) 26 (27.7) 0.002
 Late gadolinium enhancement, n (%) 129 (39.1) 104 (44.1) 25 (26.6) 0.005
 Perfusion deficit, n (%) 65 (19.8) 49 (20.9) 16 (17.0) 0.525
 Atrial fibrillation, n (%) 66 (20.2) 48 (20.5) 18 (19.6) 0.969
 Body mass index (kg/m2), mean (sd) 27.5 (4.7) 27.7 (4.3) 27.0 (5.5) 0.21
 Height (cm), mean (sd) 174.4 (9.7) 178.4 (7.7) 164.4 (6.3) < 0.001
 Weight (kg), mean (sd) 83.7 (16.6) 88.1 (15.2) 72.7 (14.6) < 0.001
 Heart rate beats per min, mean (sd) 68 [12] 68 [12] 68 [12] 0.947
Cardiac magnet resonance imaging variables
 LVMI (g/m2), mean (sd) 44.5 (14.9) 47.6 (15.0) 36.6 (11.1) < 0.001
 LVEF (%), mean (sd) 65.2 (6.5) 64.8 (6.7) 66.2 (5.9) 0.087
 LVEDD (mm), mean (sd) 49.6 (6.5) 51.0 (6.5) 46.3 (5.3) < 0.001
 RVEDD (mm), mean (sd) 33.8 (6.8) 35.0 (6.5) 30.9 (6.9) < 0.001
 RWT, mean (sd) 0.30 (0.12) 0.31 (0.13) 0.28 (0.09) 0.014
Laboratory results
 NT-proBNP (ng/L), median [IQR] 179.6 [76.9, 389.6] 179.3 [71.9, 416.5] 181.5 [81.1, 328.3] 0.592
 CRP (mg/dl), median [IQR] 0.2 [0.1, 0.4] 0.2 [0.1, 0.4] 0.2 [0.1, 0.4] 0.568
 hs-cTnT (ng/L), median [IQR] 9 [5, 16] 10 [6, 17] 8 [5, 14] 0.007
 Creatinin (µmol/L), mean (sd) 88.4 (61.9) 97.2 (70.7) 97.2 (26.5) < 0.001
 eGFR (ml/min), mean (sd) 91.6 (32.7) 91.5 (32.0) 92.0 (34.5) 0.884
 FABP4 (ng/ml), median [IQR] 22.79 [13.84, 36.46] 18.36 [12.24, 31.33] 30.69 [20.96, 49.74] 0.001
  1. Baseline characteristic of 331 patients undergoing cardiac magnetic resonance imaging stratified by sex. Data presented as percentage, mean, or median
  2. Italic values indicate statistically significant differences between men and women (using the two-sided t test or Wilcoxon rank-sum test as appropriate), p-value < 0.05
  3. CRP, C- reactive protein; eGFR, estimated glomerular filtration rate; FABP4, Fatty-acid binding protein 4; hs-cTnT, cardiac high sensitivity troponin T; LVEDD, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter; LVEF, left ventricular ejection fraction; LVMI, left ventricular mass index; NT-proBNP, N-terminal pro B-type brain natriuretic peptid; RVEDD, right ventricular end-diastolic diameter; RWT, relative wall thickness