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Table 5 Associations of the TyG quintiles with HTN for different levels of age, BMI, eGFR

From: A high triglyceride glucose index is more closely associated with hypertension than lipid or glycemic parameters in elderly individuals: a cross-sectional survey from the Reaction Study

Variable AGE < 55
OR (95% CI) P-value
(n = 16,438)
AGE ≥ 55, < 65
OR (95% CI) P-value
(n = 17,539)
AGE ≥ 65
OR (95% CI) P-value
(n = 9614)
P for interaction BMI < 18.5
OR (95% CI) P-value
(n = 1281)
BMI ≥ 18.5, < 24
OR (95% CI) P-value
(n = 19,129)
BMI ≥ 24, < 28
OR (95% CI) P-value
(16,758)
BMI ≥ 28
OR (95% CI) P-value
(n = 6423)
P for interaction eGFR < 90
OR (95% CI) P-value
(n = 9260)
eGFR ≥ 90
OR (95% CI) P-value
(n = 34,331)
P for interaction
N of HTN 4299 7764 6230   259 5902 8137 3995   6018 12,275  
TC, mmol/L     0.4215      0.0339    0.2496
 < 1.7 1.0 1.0 1.0   1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0   1.0 1.0  
 ≥ 1.7, < 2.3 1.23 (1.01, 1.48) 0.0348 1.16 (1.00, 1.34) 0.0470 1.44 (1.18, 1.76) 0.0004   1.05 (0.36, 3.03) 0.9323 1.25 (1.06, 1.48) 0.0081 1.28 (1.11, 1.49) 0.0009 1.19 (0.93, 1.51) 0.1660   1.46 (1.19, 1.79) 0.0003 1.19 (1.06, 1.34) 0.0026  
 ≥ 2.3 1.13 (0.93, 1.36) 0.2135 1.21 (1.04, 1.40) 0.0111 1.15 (0.93, 1.42) 0.1872   0.10 (0.01, 1.25) 0.0740 0.98 (0.82, 1.17) 0.7960 1.27 (1.10, 1.46) 0.0014 1.36 (1.08, 1.72) 0.0085   1.24 (1.00, 1.54) 0.0477 1.17 (1.04, 1.31) 0.0069  
TC, mmol/L     0.3512      0.5601    0.0882
 < 5.2 1.0 1.0 1.0   1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0   1.0 1.0  
 ≥ 5.2, < 6.2 0.90 (0.77, 1.05) 0.1798 0.98 (0.86, 1.11) 0.7541 0.92 (0.78, 1.09) 0.3530   1.38 (0.69, 2.76) 0.3652 0.91 (0.79, 1.04) 0.1639 0.94 (0.82, 1.07) 0.3449 0.97 (0.78, 1.20) 0.7820   0.88 (0.74, 1.05) 0.1655 0.96 (0.87, 1.06) 0.4072  
 ≥ 6.2 0.89 (0.72, 1.10) 0.2962 0.85 (0.72, 0.99) 0.0405 1.06 (0.85, 1.33) 0.6183   0.90 (0.36, 2.21) 0.8169 0.83 (0.70, 0.98) 0.0317 0.91 (0.77, 1.08) 0.2750 1.13 (0.85, 1.51) 0.3892   1.08 (0.86, 1.36) 0.5170 0.86 (0.76, 0.98) 0.0197  
HDL-C, mmol/L     0.0368      0.8981    0.1921
 ≥ 1 1.0 1.0 1.0   1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0   1.0 1.0  
 < 1 1.50 (1.23, 1.82) < 0.0001 1.34 (1.14, 1.57) 0.0004 1.03 (0.85, 1.26) 0.7484   1.28 (1.06, 1.54) 0.0091 1.30 (1.14, 1.48) < 0.0001 1.28 (1.10, 1.49) 0.0015 1.25 (0.98, 1.60) 0.0754   1.15 (0.94, 1.41) 0.1785 1.34 (1.19, 1.52) < 0.0001  
LDL-C, mmol/L     0.4126      0.4256    0.1294
 < 3.4 1.0 1.0 1.0   1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0   1.0 1.0  
 ≥ 3.4, < 4.1 1.09 (0.91, 1.30) 0.3674 0.99 (0.87, 1.14) 0.9010 0.93 (0.76, 1.12) 0.4351   1.99 (0.92, 4.30) 0.0798 0.98 (0.85, 1.14) 0.8071 0.96 (0.84, 1.11) 0.6107 1.09 (0.86, 1.39) 0.4817   0.89 (0.73, 1.08) 0.2271 1.04 (0.93, 1.15) 0.5173  
 ≥ 4.1 0.97 (0.76, 1.23) 0.7791 0.98 (0.82, 1.16) 0.7966 1.20 (0.93, 1.55) 0.1623   1.06 (0.34, 3.26) 0.9206 1.00 (0.83, 1.21) 0.9911 0.96 (0.79, 1.15) 0.6439 1.27 (0.94, 1.73) 0.1246   1.17 (0.90, 1.52) 0.2487 0.98 (0.85, 1.12) 0.7628  
TYG     0.4729      0.1052    0.1328
Q1 1.0 1.0 1.0   1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0   1.0 1.0  
Q2 1.03 (0.83, 1.27) 0.7970 1.04 (0.87, 1.26) 0.6479 1.14 (0.89, 1.46) 0.2946   1.57 (0.79, 3.11) 0.1984 0.97 (0.81, 1.15) 0.6904 1.14 (0.93, 1.40) 0.2199 1.23 (0.84, 1.80) 0.2832   1.13 (0.88, 1.45) 0.3386 1.04 (0.91, 1.20) 0.5523  
Q3 0.98 (0.79, 1.22) 0.8431 1.04 (0.86, 1.25) 0.7139 1.36 (1.07, 1.74) 0.0126   1.03 (0.42, 2.49) 0.9538 1.10 (0.93, 1.31) 0.2629 1.06 (0.87, 1.30) 0.5447 1.42 (0.98, 2.05) 0.0603   1.36 (1.06, 1.74) 0.0146 1.02 (0.89, 1.18) 0.7273  
Q4 1.28 (1.02, 1.60) 0.0308 1.20 (1.00, 1.45) 0.0515 1.67 (1.30, 2.14) < 0.0001   1.68 (0.61, 4.58) 0.3122 1.21 (1.00, 1.45) 0.0496 1.34 (1.10, 1.64) 0.0042 1.85 (1.29, 2.65) 0.0009   1.72 (1.33, 2.21) < 0.0001 1.23 (1.07, 1.42) 0.0037  
Q5 1.18 (0.93, 1.50) 0.1727 1.23 (1.00, 1.50) 0.0448 1.37 (1.05, 1.79) 0.0221   0.70 (0.14, 3.44) 0.6597 0.99 (0.80, 1.22) 0.9168 1.34 (1.09, 1.65) 0.0057 1.85 (1.28, 2.67) 0.0011   1.42 (1.08, 1.87) 0.0115 1.23 (1.06, 1.43) 0.0074  
HbA1c,  %     0.5670      0.5270    0.8286
< 6.5 1.0 1.0 1.0   1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0   1.0 1.0  
≥ 6.5 0.83 (0.61, 1.12) 0.2231 1.01 (0.83, 1.24) 0.9083 0.95 (0.75, 1.20) 0.6455   0.51 (0.15, 1.66) 0.2623 0.97 (0.76, 1.22) 0.7763 0.91 (0.74, 1.12) 0.3850 1.11 (0.81, 1.52) 0.5074   1.03 (0.81, 1.29) 0.8299 0.98 (0.84, 1.15) 0.7942  
PBG, mmol/L     0.3262      0.9034    0.3296
< 11.1 1.0 1.0 1.0   1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0   1.0 1.0  
≥ 11.1 0.89 (0.65, 1.21) 0.4452 1.15 (0.93, 1.41) 0.2000 1.15 (0.91, 1.44) 0.2434   0.73 (0.22, 2.47) 0.6141 1.15 (0.91, 1.46) 0.2374 1.10 (0.90, 1.35) 0.3652 1.09 (0.79, 1.50) 0.5916   1.24 (0.99, 1.55) 0.0598 1.08 (0.92, 1.26) 0.3633  
  1. Adjusted for age; center; sex; history of CVDs; history of T2DM; hypoglycemic drugs; SBP; DBP; BMI; ALT; AST; WHR; eGFR; smoking habits; drinking habits