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Table 1 Characteristics of study population by HTN

From: A high triglyceride glucose index is more closely associated with hypertension than lipid or glycemic parameters in elderly individuals: a cross-sectional survey from the Reaction Study

  No HTN HTN P value
N 25,298 18,293  
Age, years 55.41 (50.05–60.73) 60.89 (55.38–68.15) < 0.001
BMI, kg/m2 23.46 (21.47–25.67) 25.33 (23.23–27.64) < 0.001
SBP, mmHg 121.00 (112.00–130.00) 149.00 (140.00–162.00) < 0.001
DBP, mmHg 73.00 (68.00–79.00) 85.00 (77.00–92.00) < 0.001
HR 78.00 (71.00–86.00) 79.00 (72.00–88.00) < 0.001
FBG, mmol/L 5.40 (5.02–5.91) 5.77 (5.29–6.58) < 0.001
PBG, mmol/L 7.00 (5.81– 8.84) 8.29 (6.60–11.24) < 0.001
HbA1c,  % 5.80 (5.60–6.20) 6.00 (5.70–6.50) < 0.001
ALT, U/L 14.00 (10.00–20.00) 16.00 (12.00–22.00) < 0.001
AST, U/L 20.00 (16.00–24.00) 21.00 (17.00–25.00) < 0.001
GGT, U/L 19.00 (14.00–28.00) 23.00 (16.00–35.00) < 0.001
TG, mmol/L 1.24 (0.90–1.79) 1.52 (1.08–2.17) < 0.001
TC, mmol/L 4.93 (4.21–5.68) 5.14 (4.38–5.88) < 0.001
LDL-C, mmol/L 2.84 (2.28–3.45) 2.99 (2.40–3.61) < 0.001
HDL-C, mmol/L 1.31 (1.09–1.55) 1.25 (1.06–1.47) < 0.001
eGFR, mL/(min·1.73 m2) 96.85 (93.10–100.56) 92.98 (88.31–96.85) < 0.001
Sex, (%)    < 0.001
 Male 6918 (27.35%) 6201 (33.90%)  
 Female 18,380 (72.65%) 12,092 (66.10%)  
Drinking, (%)    < 0.001
 Never 18,643 (73.69%) 14,023 (76.66%)  
 Occasional 5278 (20.86%) 2883 (15.76%)  
 Frequently 1377 (5.44%) 1387 (7.58%)  
Smoking, (%)    < 0.001
 Never 21,443 (84.76%) 15,779 (86.26%)  
 Occasional 862 (3.41%) 495 (2.71%)  
 Frequently 2993 (11.83%) 2019 (11.04%)  
CVDs, (%)    < 0.001
 Yes 681 (2.69%) 1690 (9.24%)  
 No 24,617 (97.31%) 16,603 (90.76%)  
T2DM, (%)    < 0.001
 No 22,723 (89.82%) 14,226 (77.77%)  
 Yes 2575 (10.18%) 4067 (22.23%)  
  1. Data were mean ± SD or median (IQR) for skewed variables or numbers (proportions) for categorical variables
  2. HTN hypertension, BMI body mass index, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, HR heart rate, FBG fasting plasma glucose, PBG 2 h post-load blood glucose, HbA1c glycosylated hemoglobin, ALT alanine transferase, AST aspartate transferase, GGT gamma-glutamyl transferase, TG triglyceride, TC high cholesterol, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate, CVD cardiovascular disease, T2DM type 2 diabetes