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Table 2 Univariate and multivariate cox proportional-hazards analysis

From: Impact of diabetes mellitus on left ventricular longitudinal function of patients with non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy

Variables Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
HR 95% CI p value HR 95% CI p value
Clinical data
 Age 1.00 0.98–.02 0.90    
 Female 0.92 0.48–1.77 0.80    
 Heart rate 1.00 0.98–1.02 0.72    
 NYHA functional class ≥ III 1.86 0.93–3.72 1.86    
 T2DM 2.00 1.08–3.69 0.03 1.94 1.11-3.39 0.02
 Hypertension 0.82 0.37–1.79 0.61    
 Dyslipidemia 0.85 0.44–1.66 0.64    
Electrocardiogram
 Atrial fibrillation 1.74 0.79–3.81 0.17    
 QRS duration 1.01 0.99–1.02 0.13    
Blood examination
 BNP 1.00 1.00–1.00 0.84    
 eGFR 1.01 0.99–1.03 0.25    
Echocardiography
 LV end-systolic volume 1.00 0.99–1.01 0.99    
 LV ejection fraction 1.02 0.96–1.08 0.47    
 Left atrial volume index 1.03 1.01–1.05 0.002 1.02 1.01–1.03 0.001
 LV mass index 0.99 0.99–1.00 0.24    
 E/e’ 0.98 0.94–1.02 0.44    
 MR ≥ moderate 1.34 0.71–2.55 0.37    
 GLS 0.72 0.60–0.86 0.0003 0.75 0.66–0.86 <0.0001
  1. HR, hazard ratio; CI, confidential interval
  2. All other abbreviations as in Table 1