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Table 3 In-hospital and overall mortality according to DM in 3 subtypes of HF

From: Impact of diabetes mellitus on mortality in patients with acute heart failure: a prospective cohort study

Diabetes mellitus (DM)Unadjusted HR (95% CI)Adjusted HR (95% CI)1
In-hospital mortality
 LVEF < 40%
  Non-DM1.001.00
  DM1.28 (0.92–1.77)0.96 (0.68–1.35)
 40% ≤ LVEF < 50%
  Non-DM1.001.00
  DM0.83 (0.41–1.68)0.71 (0.33–1.53)
 LVEF ≥ 50%
  Non-DM1.001.00
  DM0.94 (0.50–1.77)0.79 (0.41–1.51)
Overall mortality
 LVEF < 40%
  Non-DM1.001.00
  DM1.48 (1.33–1.64)1.14 (1.02–1.27)
 40% ≤ LVEF < 50%
  Non-DM1.001.00
  DM1.19 (0.98–1.44)0.99 (0.80–1.22)
 LVEF ≥ 50%
  Non-DM1.001.00
  DM1.15 (0.98–1.35)1.13 (0.96–1.34)
  1. Adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, etiology of heart failure (ischemic vs. non-ischemic), prior admission history due to HF, parenteral inotropics usage, creatinine concentration (< 2.0 vs. ≥ 2.0 mg/dL), elevated BNP (≥ 500) or NTproBNP (≥ 1000), NYHA class (III–IV or I–II) on admission, and smoking status (current or ex-smoker vs. never-smoker)