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Table 3 Impact of the TyG index (per 1-unit increase) on CAC progression based on baseline categorical CACS

From: Triglyceride glucose index is an independent predictor for the progression of coronary artery calcification in the absence of heavy coronary artery calcification at baseline

 OR (95% CI)PRR (95% CI)P
CACS 0
 Model 11.83 (1.63–2.05)< 0.0011.67 (1.52–1.82)< 0.001
 Model 21.37 (1.18–1.59)< 0.0011.30 (1.15–1.46)< 0.001
CACS 1–10
 Model 11.39 (1.17–1.65)< 0.0011.15 (1.07–1.23)< 0.001
 Model 21.28 (1.05–1.57)0.0161.11 (1.02–1.20)0.014
CACS 11–100
 Model 11.42 (1.24–1.64)< 0.0011.18 (1.11–1.26)< 0.001
 Model 21.34 (1.14–1.59)0.0011.15 (1.06–1.24)< 0.001
CACS > 100
 Model 11.33 (1.09–1.62)0.0041.14 (1.04–1.24)0.003
 Model 21.04 (0.83–1.31)0.7431.02 (0.92–1.14)0.702
  1. Models: 1 = unadjusted; 2 = adjusted for age, male sex, BMI, hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, current smoking, and serum creatinine level
  2. BMI body mass index, CAC coronary artery calcification, CACS coronary artery calcium score, CI confidence interval, OR odds ratio, RR relative risk, TyG triglyceride glucose