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Table 3 Baseline clinical and laboratory characteristics of the study patients according to the TyG index tertiles

From: Triglyceride glucose index for predicting cardiovascular outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and acute coronary syndrome

VariableT1
n = 257
T2
n = 260
T3
n = 259
P value
Demographics
 Age (years)63 ± 962 ± 1059 ± 11< 0.001
 Male sex, n (%)173 (67.3)201 (77.3)186 (71.8)0.040
 BMI (kg/m2)25.5 ± 3.426.1 ± 3.026.8 ± 3.8< 0.001
Medical measurements (on admission)
 SBP (mm Hg)132 ± 20134 ± 18130 ± 150.072
 DBP (mm Hg)74 ± 1276 ± 1076 ± 110.215
Risk factors
 Cigarette smoking
  Current smokers, n (%)90 (35.0)102 (39.2)118 (45.6)0.048
  Former smokers, n (%)41 (16.0)51 (19.6)32 (12.4)0.078
  Never smokers, n (%)126 (49.0)107 (41.2)109 (42.1)0.144
 Alcohol intake
  Daily drinkers, n (%)14 (5.4)28 (10.8)32 (12.4)0.020
 Family history of CHD, n (%)69 (26.8)87 (33.5)82 (31.7)0.242
 Hypertension, n (%)183 (71.2)175 (67.3)174 (67.2)0.535
 Dyslipidaemia, n (%)163 (63.4)234 (90.0)249 (96.1)< 0.001
 Previous MI, n (%)55 (21.4)55 (21.2)56 (21.6)0.992
 Past PCI, n (%)64 (24.9)68 (26.2)54 (20.8)0.335
 Previous CVA, n (%)18 (7.0)16 (6.2)14 (5.4)0.753
 PAD, n (%)32 (12.5)38 (14.6)46 (17.8)0.235
 CKD, n (%)20 (7.8)22 (8.5)18 (6.9)0.812
 Cardiac failure, n (%)26 (10.1)20 (7.7)16 (6.2)0.250
 LVEF (%)63 (60–67)65 (60–68)65 (60–68)0.077
Clinical presentation
 UA, n (%)211 (82.1)194 (74.6)205 (79.2)0.112
 NSTEMI, n (%)26 (10.1)42 (16.2)32 (12.4)0.117
 STEMI, n (%)20 (7.8)24 (9.2)22 (8.5)0.840
Laboratory measurements (fasting state)
 TC (mg/dL)141.2 ± 36.6156.1 ± 38.2174.1 ± 42.4< 0.001
 LDL-C (mg/dL)82.3 ± 33.395.2 ± 32.0102.2 ± 32.7< 0.001
 HDL-C (mg/dL)42.2 ± 10.038.4 ± 7.737.4 ± 7.9< 0.001
 Triglycerides (mg/dL)85.0 (70.8–100.1)135.5 (113.3–157.6)214.3 (169.1–267.4)< 0.001
 FPG (mg/dL)116.0 (104.2–126.2)124.2 (108.1–146.9)147.6 (128.3–175.2)< 0.001
 Glycosylated haemoglobin (%)6.9 (6.5–7.8)7.3 (6.7–8.1)7.6 (6.8–8.4)< 0.001
 TyG index8.54 (8.32–8.68)9.03 (8.93–9.14)9.63 (9.44–9.89)< 0.001
  1. Abbreviations as in Table 1