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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of cases and non-cases in the T2D and CHD case-cohort studies

From: Biomarker-defined pathways for incident type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease—a comparison in the MONICA/KORA study

Characteristics at baselineIncident T2DIncident CHD
Cases
n = 689
Non-cases
n = 1850
Cases
n = 568
Non-cases
n = 2004
Male (%)57.048.273.146.9
Age (years)57.0 (50.0; 64.0)51.0 (43.0; 60.0)62.0 (55.0; 68.0)52.0 (43.0; 60.0)
Survey 1 (%)23.830.224.628.8
Survey 2 (%)40.336.042.836.3
Survey 3 (%)35.833.832.635.0
BMI (kg/m2)29.5 (27.2; 32.7)26.3 (24.0; 29.1)27.9 (25.8; 30.6)26.5 (24.2; 29.5)
Physically inactive (%)70.260.070.661.7
Actual hypertensiona (%)66.539.968.040.7
Current smoking (%)26.324.132.424.2
Former smoking (%)31.727.835.627.3
Never smoking (%)42.148.032.048.5
  1. Categorical variables are presented as proportions and continuous variables as medians (25th percentile; 75th percentile)
  2. a Hypertension (ISH-WHO 1999) or medically treated with known hypertension