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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of the participants according to the case-cohort design for CVD

From: Lysine pathway metabolites and the risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in the PREDIMED study: results from two case-cohort studies

 Subcohort (n = 730)aCVD cases (n = 221)
Age (years)67 (5.8)69.5 (6.5)
BMI (kg/m2)29.8 (3.6)29.6 (3.8)
LTPA (METs-min/day)261 (258)232 (235)
Total energy intake (kcal/day)2330 (615)2379 (687)
Adherence to MedDiet (14 items)8.8 (1.93)8.4 (1.81)
Sex, female (%)56.939.8
Family history of CVD (%)25.918.6
Diabetes prevalence (%)4765.2
Education, secondary or higher (%)2519
Dyslipidaemia (%)74.457.9
Hypertension (%)83.382.8
Smoking
 Never (%)62.644.8
 Current (%)12.519.5
 Former (%)24.935.7
Intervention group
 Control (%)29.636.7
 MedDiet + EVOO (%)37.234.4
 MedDiet + nuts (%)33.229
  1. BMI body mass index, LTPA leisure time physical activity, MedDiet Mediterranean diet, CVD cardiovascular disease, EVOO extra-virgin olive oil
  2. aIncluding 34 overlapping cases