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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the participants according to the case-cohort design for T2D

From: Lysine pathway metabolites and the risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in the PREDIMED study: results from two case-cohort studies

 Subcohort (n = 661)aT2D cases (n = 243)
Age (years)66.5 (5.7)66.4 (5.7)
BMI (kg/m2)29.8 (3.6)30.8 (3.4)
LTPA (METs-min/day)240 (241)248 (233)
Total energy intake (kcal/day)2279 (560)2335 (620)
Adherence to MedDiet (14 items)8.65 (1.91)8.52 (1.82)
Sex, female (%)61.754.7
Family history of CVD (%)30.122.2
Education, secondary or higher (%)25.323.5
Plasma baseline glucose (mg/dl)100 (15)117 (18)
Dyslipidaemia (%)84.979.4
Hypertension (%)90.895.9
Smoking
 Never (%)60.253.1
 Current (%)16.825.1
 Former (%)2321.8
Intervention group
 Control (%)32.135.4
 MedDiet + EVOO (%)30.430.5
 MedDiet + nuts (%)37.534.2
  1. BMI body mass index, LTPA leisure time physical activity, MedDiet Mediterranean diet, CVD cardiovascular disease, EVOO extra-virgin olive oil
  2. aIncluding 51 overlapping cases