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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of the MACCE and MACCE-free groups

From: High triglyceride–glucose index is associated with poor prognosis in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction after percutaneous coronary intervention

VariableMACCE group (n = 375)MACCE-free group (n = 717)P value
Age, years64.5 ± 12.561.3 ± 12.4< 0.001
Male300 (80.0)564 (78.7)0.638
BMI, kg/m225.3 ± 2.125.1 ± 2.40.382
SBP, mmHg128.7 ± 18.9128.8 ± 22.70.939
DBP, mmHg76.1 ± 13.978.0 ± 14.10.028
Heart rate, bpm79.5 ± 15.479.7 ± 14.50.905
Killip class > 1142 (37.9)210 (29.3)< 0.001
Smoker199 (53.1)317 (44.2)0.012
Hypertension261 (69.6)417 (58.2)< 0.001
Diabetes mellitus117 (31.2)153 (21.3)< 0.001
Anemia67 (17.9)74 (10.3)0.023
Previous AMI9 (2.4)15 (2.1)0.447
Atrial fibrillation15 (4.0)33 (4.6)0.385
Biochemical indicators
 NT-proBNP, pg/mL (IQR)525.5 (31.0–2193.2)546.8 (71.2–2603.2)0.179
 Cardiac troponin I, ng/ml13.1 (3.18–23.5)12.7 (2.8–23.2)0.480
 hs-CRP, mg/L (IQR)7.6 (4.6–9.8)7.1 (3.2–10.1)0.152
 White blood cells, 109/L10.4 ± 3.69.9 ± 3.40.046
 Neutrophil ratio75.6 ± 12.875.8 ± 11.80.680
 Platelet, 109/L217.2 ± 68.6208.4 ± 56.80.024
 Albumin, g/L36.4 ± 5.737.1 ± 4.50.021
 FPG, mmol/L9.0 ± 4.28.3 ± 4.40.008
 Measured HbA1c, %7.8 ± 1.37.3 ± 1.40.010
 TC, mmol/L4.6 ± 1.44.6 ± 1.10.781
 Triglycerides, mmol/L1.9 ± 1.61.9 ± 1.40.502
 HDL-C, mmol/L1.1 ± 0.31.1 ± 0.20.417
 LDL-C, mmol/L2.8 ± 0.92.9 ± 0.80.412
 Uric acid, umol/L342.3 ± 112.2321.6 ± 100.30.002
 eGFR, mL/min79.4 ± 36.786.5 ± 37.40.008
Coronary angiography
 GPIIb/IIIa antagonists121 (33.8)237 (33.0)0.515
 Anticoagulation33 (8.8)65 (9.1)0.482
 Lesion vessels3.3 ± 1.52.9 ± 1.5< 0.001
 Three-vessel disease213 (56.8)348 (48.5)< 0.001
 Number of stents1.0 ± 0.491.12 ± 0.50< 0.001
 Gensini score, (IQR)73.1 (45.3–94.8)67.0 (36.3–89.8)0.035
Echocardiography
 LVEF0.53 ± 0.120.55 ± 0.110.037
Medications use at discharge
 Aspirin357 (95.2)693 (96.7)0.154
 Clopidogrel/Ticagrelor369 (98.4)708 (98.7)0.414
 Statin366 (97.6)687 (95.8)0.088
 Beta blockers301 (80.3)576 (80.3)0.477
 ACEI/ARB240 (64.0)462 (64.4)0.469
  1. Data are presented as the IQR, mean ± SD or n (%)
  2. BMI body mass index, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, AMI acute myocardial infarction, IQR interquartile range, hs-CRP hypersensitive C-reactive protein, FPG fasting plasma glucose, TC total cholesterol, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, SCr serum creatinine concentration, eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction, ACEI angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, ARB angiotensin receptor blocker