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Table 1 Baseline demographic of patients with and without diabetes

From: The impact of body weight and diabetes on new-onset atrial fibrillation: a nationwide population based study

  Total Non-diabetic Diabetic p value
(N = 9,797,418) (n = 8,954,570) (n = 842,848)  
Male 5,356,943 (54.68%) 4,838,750 (54.04%) 518,193 (61.48%) < 0.0001
Smoking < 0.0001
 Non-smoker 5,832,072 (59.53%) 5,363,620 (59.90%) 468,452 (55.58%)  
 Ex-smoker 1,394,168 (14.23%) 1,240,121 (13.85%) 154,047 (18.28%)  
 Current-smoker 2,571,178 (26.24%) 2,350,829 (26.25%) 220,349 (26.14%)  
Alcohol consumption < 0.0001
 Non-drinker 5,037,180 (51.41%) 4,558,687 (50.91%) 478,493 (56.77%)  
 Mild-drinker 4,087,517 (41.72%) 3,796,029 (42.39%) 291,488 (34.58%)  
 Heavy-drinker 672,721 (6.87%) 599,854 (6.70%) 72,867 (8.65%)  
Regular exercise (yes) 5,022,112 (51.26%) 4,608,738 (51.47%) 413,374 (49.04%) < 0.0001
Income (lower quartile) 2,590,673 (26.44%) 2,361,426 (26.37%) 229,247 (27.20%) < 0.0001
Hypertension 2,486,705 (25.38%) 2,007,127 (22.41%) 479,578 (56.90%) < 0.0001
Dyslipidemia 1,773,560 (18.10%) 1,429,021 (15.96%) 344,539 (40.88%) < 0.0001
Diabetes 5 level < 0.0001
 Non-diabetic 6,739,088 (68.78%) 6,739,088 (75.26%)   
 IFG 2,215,482 (22.61%) 2,215,482 (24.74%)   
 New-onset diabetes 287,417 (2.93%)   287,417 (34.10%)  
 Diabetes < 5 years 289,883 (2.96%)   289,883 (34.39%)  
 Diabetes ≥ 5 years 265,548 (2.71%)   265,548 (31.51%)  
Age (years) 47.02 ± 14.06 46.05 ± 13.85 57.25 ± 12.03 < 0.0001
Height (cm) 163.89 ± 9.22 164.03 ± 9.21 162.46 ± 9.17 < 0.0001
Weight (kg) 63.90 ± 11.59 63.69 ± 11.57 66.22 ± 11.50 < 0.0001
Body mass index (kg/m2) 23.70 ± 3.21 23.57 ± 3.17 25.01 ± 3.27 < 0.0001
Waist circumference (cm) 80.19 ± 9.07 79.69 ± 8.97 85.45 ± 8.38 < 0.0001
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 122.38 ± 14.94 121.75 ± 14.71 129.13 ± 15.69 < 0.0001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 76.28 ± 9.97 76.02 ± 9.92 79.10 ± 10.12 < 0.0001
Fasting glucose (mg/dl) 97.07 ± 22.85 92.50 ± 11.50 145.63 ± 45.66 < 0.0001
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 195.07 ± 36.59 194.86 ± 36.07 197.33 ± 41.60 < 0.0001
High density lipoprotein (mg/dl) 55.43 ± 18.86 55.77 ± 18.64 51.79 ± 20.73 < 0.0001