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Table 3 Glucosuria and blood pressure of the general population, 1977–2016 (N = 2,374,157)

From: Renal glucosuria is associated with lower body weight and lower rates of elevated systolic blood pressure: results of a nationwide cross-sectional study of 2.5 million adolescents

BP Systolic blood pressure Diastolic blood pressure
SBP < 110 120 ≤ SBP < 130 130 ≤ SBP < 140 SBP ≥ 140 DBP < 70 80 ≤ DBP < 85 85 ≤ DBP < 90 DBP ≥ 90
OR CI 95% OR CI 95% OR CI 95% OR CI 95% OR CI 95% OR CI 95% OR CI 95% OR CI 95%
Model 1 0.87 0.73–1.05 1.13 0.97–1.32 0.86 0.70–1.04 1.00 0.74–1.35 0.91 0.79–1.06 1.00 0.86–1.16 1.10 0.77–1.56 1.31 0.89–1.93
Model 2 0.87 0.72–1.04 1.14 0.98–1.33 0.85 0.70–1.04 1.02 0.76–1.38 0.88 0.76–1.03 1.03 0.88–1.20 1.08 0.76–1.54 1.34 0.91–1.98
Model 2A 0.84 0.70–1.01 1.17 1.01–1.37 0.91 0.75–1.11 1.14 0.84–1.54 0.86 0.74–1.00 1.06 0.91–1.23 1.15 0.81–1.64 1.46 0.99–2.15
Model 3 0.96 0.80–1.16 1.05 0.90–1.22 0.73 0.59–0.89 0.84 0.62–1.14 0.89 0.77–1.04 0.98 0.84–1.14 0.99 0.69–1.42 1.17 0.79–1.75
Model 4 0.97 0.80–1.17 1.06 0.91–1.24 0.74 0.60–0.90 0.86 0.63–1.17 0.90 0.77–1.05 0.99 0.85–1.15 1.02 0.71–1.46 1.20 0.81–1.79
  1. The results of multinomial regression models
  2. Reference groups: 110 ≤ SBP < 120, 70 ≤ DBP < 80 Model 1 represents the crude odds ratios. Model 2 is adjusted for year (of examination in the conscription center). Model 2A is adjusted for year, BMI (divided into seven groups by CDC percentiles). Model 3 is adjusted for year, (divided for 7 percentile groups), age (at the time of the examination), sex and country of origin (grouped for: Israel, USSR, Asia, Africa, Europe and North America, Ethiopia and minorities). Model 4 is adjusted for year, (divided into 7 percentile groups), age, sex, country of origin, education status 9, 10, 11 and 12 or more years of education) and socio-economic status (divided into three groups according to the Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics scale)
  3. SBP and DBP measured in mm/Hg
  4. BP blood pressure, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure