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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of 2,506,830 16–19 year old participants examined during 1974–2016

From: Renal glucosuria is associated with lower body weight and lower rates of elevated systolic blood pressure: results of a nationwide cross-sectional study of 2.5 million adolescents

Variable Non glucosuric Glucosuric
Number 2,505,722 1108
Males (% of all group)a 1,468,891 (58.6%) 827 (74.6%)
Age (mean ± SD) 17.3 17.6
Body mass index (kg/m2) [mean] 21.32 20.91
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) [mean] 117 118
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) [mean] 71 72
Socio-economic status (% at each SES category)
 Low (1–4) 25.8 22.3
 Moderate (5–7) 51.2 54.6
 High (8–10) 21.7 22.2
Level of education (%)
 ≤ 9 years 5.3 5.1
 10 years 6 7.9
 11 years 38.8 40
 ≥ 12 years 49.9 47
Country of origin (%)
 Israel 10 10.2
 USSR 14.7 14.1
 Asia 22.1 24.3
 Africa 22.3 21.1
 Europe + North America 26.4 23.1
 Ethiopia 1.1 2.5
 Minorities 1.9 3.8
  1. USSR Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. aCrude OR for glucosuria amongst males compared to females was 2.08 (95% CI 1.81–2.38) and an adjusted OR of 1.96 (95% CI 1.70–2.25)