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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of control, high-fat (HFa) diet-fed, and high-fructose/cholesterol (HFr) diet-fed rats

From: Atrial fibrillation and its arrhythmogenesis associated with insulin resistance

  Control (n = 30) HFa (n = 30) HFr (n = 30)
0-week body weight (g) 305 ± 13.4 297 ± 8.2 293 ± 9.5
12-week body weight (g) 547 ± 55.8 678 ± 49.4* 555 ± 50.2
HW/BW (mg/g) 2.8 ± 0.5 2.4 ± 0.2* 2.8 ± 0.5
HR (bpm) 355 ± 10.2 380 ± 9.5 378 ± 8.5
MAP (mmHg) 77 ± 14.2 98 ± 9.9* 101 ± 14.3*
Blood glucose (mg/dL) 164 ± 19.9 196 ± 46.8* 214 ± 46.4*
Insulin (μg/L) 1.8 ± 0.9 4.6 ± 1.5* 4.3 ± 2.3*
Triglyceride (mg/dL) 59 ± 17.7 117 ± 38.8 * 118 ± 37.7*
Cholesterol (mg/dL) 75 ± 12.9 96 ± 9.5* 119 ± 25*
HDL (mg/dL) 27.5 ± 4.3 24.7 ± 3.8 32.8 ± 7.1*
HOMA-IR 24.3 ± 10.5 41.9 ± 12.1* 36 ± 12.5*
  1. HW heart weight, BW body weight, MAP mean arterial pressure, HDL high-density lipoprotein
  2. HOMA-IR = glucose (mg/dL) × insulin (mIU/L)/405
  3. *P < 0.05 vs. control
  4. Data are presented as mean ± SE