Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of stroke patients according to stroke outcomes

From: The association between serum adiponectin and 3-month outcome after ischemic stroke

  Total Good outcomes Poor outcomes Pa
N 227 169 58
Age, years 64 (53–72) 62 (51–70) 71 (62–83) 0.009
Sex-male 128 (56.4) 94 (55.6) 34 (58.6) 0.69
BMI, kg/m2 24.2 (22.8–26.4) 24.0 (22.7–26.3) 24.5 (23.2–26.8) 0.38
Prior vascular risk factors, n (%)
 Hypertension 145 (63.9) 102 (60.4) 43 (74.1) 0.059
 Hypercholesterolemia 68 (30.0) 49 (29.0) 19 (32.8) 0.59
 Coronary heart disease 57 (25.1) 42 (24.9) 15 (25.9) 0.88
 Atrial fibrillation 49 (21.6) 31 (18.3) 18 (31.0) 0.043
 Diabetes mellitus 53 (23.3) 38 (22.5) 15 (25.9) 0.60
 Previous TIA 25 (11.0) 17 (10.1) 8 (13.8) 0.43
 Smoking 55 (24.2) 40 (23.7) 15 (25.9) 0.74
Pre-stroke treatment, n (%)
 Antihypertensive treatment 130 (57.3) 95 (56.2) 35 (60.3) 0.58
 Antidiabetic 31 (13.7) 23 (13.6) 8 (13.8) 0.97
 Antiplatelet agents 72 (31.7) 52 (30.8) 20 (34.5) 0.60
 Anticoagulants 23 (10.1) 18 (10.7) 5 (8.6) 0.66
 Statins 51 (22.5) 37 (21.9) 14 (24.1) 0.72
Acute treatment, n (%)
 IV thrombolysis 27 (11.9) 26 (15.4) 1 (1.7) 0.011
 Mechanical thrombectomy 17 (7.5) 16 (9.5) 1 (1.7) 0.053
Stroke etiology, n (%)
 Small-vessel occlusive 33 (14.5) 26 (15.4) 7 (12.1) 0.54
 Large-vessel occlusive 41 (18.1) 31 (18.3) 10 (17.2) 0.85
 Cardioembolic 75 (33.0) 56 (33.1) 19 (32.8) 0.96
 Other 15 (6.6) 11 (6.5) 4 (6.9) 0.92
 Unknown 63 (27.8) 45 (26.6) 18 (31.0) 0.52
Stroke severity, NIHSS at admission 6 (2–11) 5 (1–9) 9 (5–15) < 0.001
DWI lesion, ml 15.2 (8.5–26.5) 13.2 (7.1–21.4) 20.9 (11.3–33.7) < 0.001
Laboratory findings
 Glucose level, mmol/l 5.95 (5.53–6.63) 5.73 (5.35–6.33) 6.35 (5.94–7.15) 0.009
 CRP, mg/l 5.6 (3.0–9.2) 4.9 (2.5–7.9) 7.0 (4.7–11.7) < 0.001
 Adiponectin, μg/ml 7.0 (4.4–10.0) 6.3 (4.0–8.9) 10.0 (7.0–13.9) < 0.001
Stroke syndrome
 TACS 24 (10.6) 10 (5.9) 14 (24.1) < 0.001
 PACS 96 (42.3) 72 (42.6) 24 (41.4) 0.87
 LACS 54 (23.8) 37 (21.9) 17 (29.3) 0.25
 POCS 53 (23.3) 50 (29.6) 3 (5.2) < 0.001
  1. The results of categorical variable and continuous variable were presented as n (percentage) and median value (IQR). The mRS of 0–2 points was indicated as a good functional outcome, while 3–6 points was defined as poor outcome
  2. NIHSS National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, TIA transient ischemic attack, IL-6 interleukin-6, IQR interquartile ranges, mRS modified Rankin Scale, DWI diffusion weighted imaging, TACS total anterior circulation syndrome, PACS partial anterior circulation syndrome, LACS lacunar syndrome, POCS posterior circulation syndrome, CRP C-reactive protein
  3. aChi-square and Mann–Whitney U test were applied for comparing the proportions and medians values between groups