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Table 2 Changes in echocardiography parameters during follow-up grouped by HOMA-IR tertiles

From: Insulin resistance and dysglycemia are associated with left ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction in non-diabetic patients

HOMA-IR tertiles Low Intermediate High P-value
LVEDD, mm
 B 50.09 (4.35) 50.77 (5.00) 51.60 (5.23) < 0.001
 F 50.60 (4.99) 51.68 (5.49) 53.04 (5.33)
 Δ 0.52 (2.47) 0.91 (3.08) 1.44 (3.96)
LVESD, mm
 B 34.04 (5.09) 34.93 (5.35) 35.55 (5.40) < 0.001
 F 33.89 (5.43) 34.93 (6.14) 36.60 (6.37)
 Δ − 0.15 (3.351) 0.00 (2.94) 1.05 (4.11)
LVEDVI, mL/m2
 B 70.17 (12.65) 69.61 (13.88) 70.28 (16.67) < 0.001
 F 72.09 (14.60) 72.66 (16.56) 75.00 (17.84)
 Δ 1.91 (7.96) 3.06 (10.63) 4.66 (13.20)
LVESVI, mL/m2
 B 29.11 (9.97) 29.46 (10.55) 30.32 (11.55) < 0.001
 F 28.65 (11.00) 29.86 (12.95) 32.28 (14.21)
 Δ − 0.46 (6.68) 0.40 (6.38) 1.96 (9.13)
LVMI, g/m2
 B 93.55 (17.15) 96.39 (21.13) 96.21 (21.67) 0.130
 F 94.47 (18.35) 95.32 (16.69) 93.66 (17.95)
 Δ 0.91 (15.84) − 1.07 (17.75) − 2.73 (15.24)
IVST, mm
 B 9.27 (1.04) 9.55 (1.15) 9.60 (1.10) 0.003
 F 9.14 (1.11) 9.36 (1.04) 9.01 (1.16)
 Δ − 0.13 (1.21) − 0.19 (1.22) − 0.59 (1.48)
LVPWT, mm
 B 8.92 (0.92) 9.20 (1.07) 9.19 (0.97) 0.006
 F 8.93 (0.91) 8.92 (0.85) 8.83 (0.75)
 Δ 0.01 (1.03) − 0.28 (1.09) − 0.37 (1.25)
RWT
 B 0.36 (0.04) 0.37 (0.05) 0.37 (0.05) 0.001
 F 0.36 (0.04) 0.36 (0.05) 0.34 (0.05)
 Δ − 0.01 (0.05) − 0.01 (0.04) − 0.03 (0.06)
LVEF, %
 B 59.04 (8.03) 58.20 (7.85) 57.76 (7.35) 0.089
 F 60.89 (7.63) 59.99 (7.53) 58.22 (8.36)
 Δ 1.85 (6.76) 1.79 (5.40) 0.47 (6.80)
  1. Values are given as mean (standard deviation)
  2. B baseline, Δ changes in corresponding parameters, F follow-up, IVST interventricular septal thickness, LVEDD left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, LVEDVI left ventricular end-diastolic volume indexed to body surface area, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction, LVESD left ventricular end-systolic diameter, LVESVI left ventricular end-systolic volume indexed to body surface area, LVMI left ventricular mass indexed to body surface area, LVPWT left ventricular posterior wall thickness, RWT relative wall thickness