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Table 1 Characteristics of participants

From: Association between macro- and microvascular damage and the triglyceride glucose index in community-dwelling elderly individuals: the Northern Shanghai Study

 Overall (n = 2830)Female (1571)Male (1259)P value
Age (years)71.5 ± 6.271.7 ± 6.471.3 ± 6.10.17
Hypertension, n (%)1862 (65.84)1031 (65.63)831 (66.00)0.83
Diabetes mellitus, n (%)650 (22.97)361 (22.98)289 (22.95)0.99
Smoking habit, n (%)722 (25.53)34 (2.16)688 (54.73)< 0.001
Bachelor degree, n (%)517 (18.27)202 (12.86)315 (25.02)< 0.001
Daily drinkers, n (%)432 (15.27)0(0)432 (34.31)< 0.001
 Moderate drinking, n2890289
 Excessive drinking, n1430143
Family history of premature CVD, n (%)617 (21.92)378 (24.22)239 (19.06)0.001
SBP (mmHg)135.1 ± 17.4135.3 ± 18.2134.8 ± 16.30.42
DBP (mmHg)78.4 ± 9.677.4 ± 9.479.6 ± 9.6< 0.001
Waist circumference (cm)86.65 ± 9.8885.40 ± 10.0688.21 ± 9.43< 0.001
Hip circumference (cm)96.78 ± 7.3096.69 ± 7.6196.89 ± 6.900.46
BMI (kg/m2)24.0 ± 3.624.0 ± 3.924.0 ± 3.30.59
Fasting glucose (mg/dL)103.5 ± 32.0102.9 ± 30.6104.1 ± 33.80.36
Total cholesterol (mg/dL)187.2 ± 38.0195.8 ± 36.7176.6 ± 36.9< 0.001
HDL-C (mg/dL)51.45 ± 13.4654.54 ± 13.4147.58 ± 12.48< 0.001
LDL-C (mg/dL)114.9 ± 32.5119.8 ± 32.5108.8 ± 31.4<0.001
Triglyceride (mg/dL)143.8 ± 93.6148.6 ± 95.2137.7 ± 91.20.002
Antihypertension agents, n (%)1439 (50.85)798 (50.80)641 (50.91)0.95
Hypoglycemic agents, n (%)464 (16.40)254 (16.17)210 (16.68)0.71
Insulin therapy, n (%)99 (3.50)55 (3.50)44 (3.49)0.99
Statin therapy, n (%)485 (17.14)287 (18.27)198 (15.73)0.07
Carotid plaque, n (%)1785 (63.10)944 (60.09)842 (66.88)< 0.001
ABI < 0.9, n (%)413 (14.59)202 (12.86)211 (16.76)0.004
CMT (mm)0.64 ± 0.160.62 ± 0.150.66 ± 0.17< 0.001
cf-PWV (m/s)9.49 ± 2.319.53 ± 2.269.43 ± 2.370.24
ba-PWV (cm/s)1871.9 ± 427.11907.4 ± 453.21827.5 ± 387.7< 0.001
eGFR (mL/min per 1.73 m2)71.2 ± 12.173.9 ± 12.467.8 ± 10.8< 0.001
UACR (mg/g)65.3 ± 153.569.1 ± 182.360.6 ± 107.60.13
TyG index8.75 ± 0.578.78 ± 0.578.71 ± 0.57< 0.001
  1. Quantitative variables are shown as mean ± SD, and qualitative parameters are presented as numbers with the percentage in parentheses
  2. CVD cardiovascular disease, WC waist circumference, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, BMI body mass index, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, ABI ankle–brachial index, CMT carotid intima–media thickness, cf-PWV carotid to femoral aortic pulse wave velocity, ba-PWV brachial to ankle pulse wave velocity, ABI ankle brachial index, eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate, UACR urine albumin to creatinine ratio, TyG triglyceride glucose