Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Baseline characteristics and risk factors of 1065 patient

From: Carotid ultrasound investigation as a prognostic tool for patients with diabetes mellitus

Variable Combined model P-value
Carotid stenosis < 50% and non-diabetic n = 486 Carotid stenosis ≥ 50% and non-diabetic n = 247 Carotid stenosis < 50% and diabetes n = 205 Carotid stenosis ≥ 50% and diabetes n = 127
Age (years) 66.9 (59.0–75.3) 71.9 (64.1–77.5) 68.6 (61.2–75.0) 70.9 (63.5–77.7) < 0.01
Male (binary) 290 (59.7) 158 (64.0) 138 (67.3) 82 (64.6) 0.25
History of PAD (binary) 155 (31.9) 116 (47.0) 108 (52.7) 77 (60.6) < 0.01
History of MI (binary) 90 (18.5) 48 (19.4) 62 (30.2) 57 (44.9) < 0.01
History of Stroke (binary) 68 (14.0) 51 (20.6) 24 (11.7) 33 (26.0) < 0.01
Art. Hypertension (binary) 291 (59.9) 177 (71.7) 158 (77.1) 105 (82.7) < 0.01
Current Smoker (binary) 124 (25.5) 72 (29.1) 48 (23.4) 43 (33.9) 0.14
Family history of atherosclerosis (binary) 252 (51.9) 152 (61.5) 105 (51.2) 81 (63.8) 0.01
BMI (ratio) 25.6 (23.7–28.1) 26.2 (23.7–28.3) 27.7 (30.5–24.7) 26.8 (24.2–29.6) < 0.01
HbA1c (%) 5.7 (5.4–6) 5.9 (5.6–6.1) 7.1 (6.6–7.9) 7.1 (6.6–7.8) < 0.01
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 207 (178–243) 208 (181–237) 194 (169–221) 202 (170–223) 0.01
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 139 (99–201) 147 (109–205) 154 (111–235) 165 (115–237) < 0.01
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 53 (43–63) 50 (42–60) 45 (39–55) 46 (38–54) < 0.01
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 122 (95–151) 122 (97–146) 109 (87–137) 115 (92–138) < 0.01
hs-CRP (mg/dl) 0.25 (0.11–0.58) 0.29 (0.13–0.68) 0.33 (0.19–0.66) 0.35 (0.15–0.79) < 0.01
Serum creatinine (mg/dl) 1.02 (0.92–1.18) 1.07 (0.96–1.21) 1.08 (0.95–2.18) 1.13 (0.97–1.30) 0.02
Statins (binary) 247 (50.8) 161 (65.2) 126 (61.5) 86 (67.7) < 0.01
Insulin therapy ± Oral antidiabetics (binary) 47 (22.9) 27 (21.3) 0.53*
Oral antidiabetics (binary) 101 (49.3) 65 (51.2) 0.13*
  1. Continuous data are presented as the median and the interquartile range. Discrete data are given as counts and percentages
  2. * P-value for the comparison between the groups “Carotid stenosis < 50% and diabetes” and “Carotid stenosis ≥ 50% and diabetes”