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Table 2 Blood pressure as a risk factor for any stroke, ischemic stroke, and hemorrhagic stroke

From: The role of blood pressure in risk of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke in type 1 diabetes

  Any stroke (HR) P Any stroke (SHR) P
SBP, per 10 mmHg 1.20 (1.11–1.29) < 0.001 1.17 (1.09–1.25) < 0.001
DBP, per 10 mmHg 1.21 (1.03–1.42) 0.021 1.19 (1.02–1.37) 0.026
MAP, per 10 mmHg 1.32 (1.16–1.52) < 0.001 1.27 (1.12–1.42) < 0.001
PP, per 10 mmHg 1.19 (1.10–1.30) < 0.001 1.16 (1.07–1.25) < 0.001
  Ischemic stroke (HR) P Ischemic stroke (SHR) P
SBP, per 10 mmHg 1.19 (1.09–1.30) < 0.001 1.16 (1.07–1.25) < 0.001
DBP, per 10 mmHg 1.15 (0.95–1.39) 0.148 1.13 (0.94–1.33) 0.170
MAP, per 10 mmHg 1.29 (1.10–1.51) 0.002 1.23 (1.06–1.40) 0.007
PP, per 10 mmHg 1.21 (1.09–1.33) < 0.001 1.17 (1.06–1.27) 0.002
  Hemorrhagic stroke (HR) P Hemorrhagic stroke (SHR)  
SBP, per 10 mmHg 1.21 (1.05–1.41) 0.010 1.16 (1.02–1.31) 0.023
DBP, per 10 mmHg 1.38 (1.01–1.87) 0.040 1.31 (0.98–1.65) 0.064
MAP, per 10 mmHg 1.42 (1.10–1.85) 0.008 1.32 (1.04–1.59) 0.024
PP, per 10 mmHg 1.16 (0.98–1.38) 0.089 1.13 (0.98–1.27) 0.089
  1. Data are presented as hazard ratio with 95% confidence interval, as well as subhazard ratio with 95% confidence interval. Model also included sex, waist circumference, diabetes duration, diabetic nephropathy, HbA1c, LDL-cholesterol, severe diabetic retinopathy, any smoking, antihypertensive medication, coronary heart disease, and year of the FinnDiane study visit. Blood pressure variables were included in separate models
  2. SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, MAP mean arterial pressure, PP pulse pressure