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Table 5 2D left ventricular speckle-tracking strain analyses in diabetic patients with acute hyperglycemia (Group A) at baseline (upon hospital admission), second (after euglycemia was achieved, 72 h) and third examination (after 3 months)

From: Impact of acute hyperglycemia on layer-specific left ventricular strain in asymptomatic diabetic patients: an analysis based on two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography

  Upon hospital admission Second examination Third examination p value*
Peak systolic longitudinal strain (%)
 Endo − 22.8 ± 0.4a − 22.4 ± 0.3 − 23.1 ± 0.4 0.334
 Mid − 19.7 ± 0.3 − 19.2 ± 0.3 − 19.9 ± 0.3 0.201
 Epi − 17.4 ± 0.3 − 16.9 ± 0.3 − 17.6 ± 0.3 0.132
Peak systolic circumferential strain (%)
 Basal LV level
  Endo − 20.0 ± 0.8 − 20.7 ± 0.8 − 20.2 ± 1.3 0.681
  Mid − 13.8 ± 0.6 − 14.7 ± 0.7 − 15.2 ± 0.8 0.120
  Epi − 9.5 ± 0.4 − 10.6 ± 0.5 − 10.5 ± 0.5 0.071
 Mid-cavity LV Level
  Endo − 27.6 ± 0.9 − 27.3 ± 0.8 − 27.0 ± 0.7 0.773
  Mid − 19.5 ± 0.7 − 19.3 ± 0.7 − 19.6 ± 0.7 0.906
  Epi − 13.5 ± 0.5 − 13.9 ± 0.6 − 14.5 ± 0.6 0.293
 Apical LV level
  Endo − 35.7 ± 1.0 − 33.4 ± 0.9 − 33.1 ± 0.8 0.103
  Mid − 26.9 ± 0.8 − 25.2 ± 0.8 − 24.9 ± 0.7 0.155
  Epi − 20.7 ± 0.7 − 19.5 ± 0.6 − 19.1 ± 0.7 0.172
  1. Endo subendocardial layer, Mid mid-myocardial layer, Epi subepicardial layer, LV left ventricular
  2. * p—Repeated measures ANOVA: upon hospital admission, second and third examination
  3. aData are presented as mean±SE