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Table 3 Echocardiographic parameters in diabetic patients with acute hyperglycemia (Group A) at baseline (upon hospital admission), second (after euglycaemia was achieved, 72 h) and third examination (after 3 months), in diabetic patients with euglycemia (Group B) and in healthy controls (Group C)

From: Impact of acute hyperglycemia on layer-specific left ventricular strain in asymptomatic diabetic patients: an analysis based on two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography

  Group A p value* Group B Group C p value**
Upon hospital admission First examination Second examination
IVS, cm 0.94 ± 0.01a 0.97 ± 0.01 0.98 ± 0.01 0.521 0.96 ± 0.03 0.95 ± 0.04 0.681
LVEDV, ml 81.9 ± 3.1 85.6 ± 3.0 85.8 ± 3.0 0.165 78.8 ± 5.0 80.9 ± 4.6 0.877
LVESV, ml 33.1 ± 1.6 33.7 ± 1.5 33.9 ± 1.6 0.828 31.5 ± 2.5 29.8 ± 2.0 0.561
LVEF, % 62.8 ± 0.6 63.4 ± 0.4 63.2 ± 0.4 0.507 63.6 ± 0.8 65.1 ± 0.4 0.075
LAVI, mL/m2 17.3 ± 0.5 17.6 ± 0.6 17.9 ± 0.4 0.604 17.2 ± 0.9 16.9 ± 1.0 0.343
E, m/s 0.7 ± 0 0.7 ± 0 0.7 ± 0 0.501 0.6 ± 0 0.8 ± 0 0.001
A, m/s 0.6 ± 0 0.6 ± 0 0.6 ± 0 0.115 0.6 ± 0 0.6 ± 0 0.290
E/A ratio 1.2 ± 0.1 1.2 ± 0.1 1.2 ± 0.1 0.815 1.0 ± 0.1 1.4 ± 0.1 0.002
E/E′ 6.1 ± 0.2 6.0 ± 0.2 6.0 ± 0.2 0.861 5.4 ± 0.3 5.5 ± 0.4 0.139
DT, ms 223.9 ± 5.7 208.8 ± 4.8 206.9 ± 4.8 0.001 219.7 ± 6.9 214.9 ± 7.3 0.683
  1. IVS interventricular septum, LVEDV left ventricular end-diastolic volume, LVESV left ventricular end-systolic volume, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction, LAVI left atrial volume index, E early wave, A atrial wave, E′ early diastolic mitral annulus velocity, DT deceleration time
  2. * p—Repeated measures ANOVA: upon hospital admission, second examination (after euglycemia was achieved, 72 h) and third examination (after 3 months)
  3. ** p—One way ANOVA between Group A (upon hospital admission), Group B and Group C. Post Hoc Bonferroni test between the groups is described in the text
  4. aData are presented as mean ± SE