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Table 2 Secondary analysis for individual outcome according to treatment with pioglitazone

From: Effect of pioglitazone in acute ischemic stroke patients with diabetes mellitus: a nested case–control study

Outcomes Number of cases Adjusted OR [95% CI]
Recurrent stroke 428 0.70 [0.31–1.61]
Myocardial infarction 50 NAa
All-cause death 672 0.27 [0.09–0.79]
  1. For each case, three controls are matched for same sex, age, and treatment with sulfonylurea, biguanide, dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitor, alpha-glucosidase inhibitor, and insulin. Adjusted OR (odds ratio) and 95% CI (confidence interval) for ‘treatment with pioglitazone’ are derived from conditional logistic regression analyses with adjustments for hypertension, atrial fibrillation, prior myocardial infarction, treatment with antithrombotics and statins
  2. aNot applicable due to no case of myocardial infarction in the arm of ‘treatment with pioglitazone’