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Table 1 Participant characteristics following five C2 categories (with equal intervals with open-ended extremes) in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, 2000–2002

From: Association of C2, a derivative of the radial artery pressure waveform, with new onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus: the MESA study

  C2 categories (mL/mmHg × 100)
0.81 to < 2 (N = 797) 2 to < 4 (N = 1977) 4 to <6 (N = 1156) 6 to < 8 (N = 633) 8 to 20.74 (N = 651)
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
C2 (mL/mmHg × 100) 1.64 0.26 2.90 0.58 4.91 0.57 6.91 0.58 10.44 2.06
Age (years) 68.1 9.1 64.0 9.7 59.2 9.3 57.0 9.2 54.1 7.9
White (column %) 33   40.2   43.3   45.7   50.8  
Chinese 16.9   11.2   10.7   10.7   10.3  
Black 25.5   27.9   25.2   24.8   17.4  
Hispanic 24.6   20.7   20.8   18.8   21.5  
Male 30.9   39.7   50.2   59.9   72.2  
Height (cm) 161.2 8.6 164.8 9.4 167.9 9.4 170.2 9.4 173.4 9.2
HR (b/min) 63.4 9.9 62.4 9.5 63.0 9.2 61.7 8.3 60.7 8.1
SBP (mmHg) 138.3 22.3 129.0 21.0 121.8 18.1 115.8 16.2 112.7 14.1
DBP (mmHg) 74.1 10.7 72.1 10.4 71.9 10.1 70.3 9.6 70.5 9.6
HTN Rx (%) 40.9   33.7   27.7   19.1   14.3  
BMI (kg/m2) 26.5 4.7 27.9 5.1 28.7 5.6 28.3 5.7 28.3 5.1
Former smoker (%) 31.2   36   37.6   36.8   39.6  
Current smoker 12.5   13.8   12.2   11.5   10.9  
Glucose (mg/dL) 91.1 10.7 89.6 10.3 89.7 10.7 88.2 10.6 88.1 9.8
Chol. (mg/dL) 197.1 35.0 196.8 35.3 194.0 34.2 193.3 34.7 190.1 33.7
HDL-C (mg/dL) 54.5 15.6 52.7 15.0 50.7 14.3 50.2 14.8 48.0 13.5
Trig. (mg/dL) 129.4 68.0 128.1 76.6 127.6 73.5 122.7 74.6 127.1 80.6
Chol. Rx (%) 19.3   15.2   14.4   12.3   8.9  
Sport and dance phys. activity (min/week) 319.4 1069.2 351.5 964.4 341.5 806.8 432.6 1094.8 507.3 1179.6
TV watching (min/week) 932.6 635.9 903.2 639.4 842.6 613.0 789.9 638.2 721.9 540.1
  1. HR heart rate, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, HTN Rx antihypertensive therapy, BMI body mass index, Chol cholesterol, HDL-chol high-density cholesterol, Trig. triglycerides, Chol. Rx cholesterol lowering therapy, Phys. Activity physical activity, TV watching television watching