Skip to main content

Table 1 Incidence and sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of patients hospitalized who underwent a mechanical mitral valve replacement in Spain from 2001 to 2015 according to type 2 diabetes status

From: Impact of type 2 diabetes mellitus in the utilization and in-hospital outcomes of surgical mitral valve replacement in Spain (2001–2015)

  T2DM 2001–2005 2006–2010 2011–2015 Total Trend
Number of procedures (incidence per 100,000 inhabitants)* Yes 1640 (16.65) 2011 (17.81) 2102 (16.02) 5753 (16.79) 0.153
No 10,834 (12.14) 9867 (9.81) 9450 (8.85) 30,151 (10.16) < 0.001
Both 12,474 (12.59) 11,878 (10.62) 11,552 (9.63) 35,904 (10.85) < 0.001
Age, mean (SD)* Yes 66.34 (7.62) 67.59 (7.5) 67.77 (7.91) 67.3 (7.71) < 0.001
No 63.27 (9.59) 64.09 (9.57) 65.12 (9.5) 64.12 (9.59) < 0.001
Female sex, n (%)* Yes 1147 (69.94) 1329 (66.09) 1281 (60.94) 3757 (65.31) < 0.001
No 6722 (62.05) 6049 (61.31) 5639 (59.67) 18,410 (61.06) 0.002
Coronary artery bypass graft, n (%)* Yes 285 (17.38) 326 (16.21) 363 (17.27) 974 (16.93) 0.564
No 1046 (9.65) 966 (9.79) 1010 (10.69) 3022 (10.02) 0.032
Surgical aortic valve replacement, n (%) Yes 470 (28.66) 640 (31.82) 720 (34.25) 1830 (31.81) 0.001
No 3314 (30.59) 3277 (33.21) 3192 (33.78) 9783 (32.45) < 0.001
Other valve procedures on pulmonary or tricuspid valves, n (%) Yes 337 (20.55) 529 (26.31) 620 (29.5) 1486 (25.83) < 0.001
No 2358 (21.76) 2623 (26.58) 2739 (28.98) 7720 (25.6) < 0.001
Intra-aortic balloon counter-pulsation, n (%) Yes 53 (3.23) 67 (3.33) 79 (3.76) 199 (3.46) 0.633
No 352 (3.25) 369 (3.74) 347 (3.67) 1068 (3.54) 0.115
Pacemaker implantation, n (%)* Yes 63 (3.84) 113 (5.62) 131 (6.23) 307 (5.34) 0.004
No 323 (2.98) 398 (4.03) 506 (5.35) 1227 (4.07) < 0.001
Blood transfusion, n (%) Yes 431 (26.28) 442 (21.98) 540 (25.69) 1413 (24.56) 0.004
No 2575 (23.77) 2268 (22.99) 2371 (25.09) 7214 (23.93) 0.003
Length of hospital stay, mean (SD)* Yes 24.61 (19.41) 23.78 (20.32) 20.32 (18.39) 22.75 (19.46) < 0.001
No 22.76 (20.45) 22.55 (21.68) 20.38 (20.15) 21.95 (20.79) < 0.001
In-hospital mortality, n (%) Yes 221 (13.48) 247 (12.28) 186 (8.85) 654 (11.37) < 0.001
No 1275 (11.77) 1049 (10.63) 921 (9.75) 3245 (10.76) < 0.001
MACCE, n (%) Yes 291 (17.74) 300 (14.92) 256 (12.18) 847 (14.72) < 0.001
No 1613 (14.89) 1414 (14.33) 1261 (13.34) 4288 (14.22) 0.007
  1. MACCE include in-hospital all-cause death, acute myocardial infarction or ischemic stroke
  2. T2DM type 2 diabetes mellitus
  3. * p < 0.05 for comparisons between T2DM patients and non-T2DM patients