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Table 1 Demographics and metabolic risk profile in quartiles of HOMA-IR

From: Myocardial mechano-energetic efficiency and insulin resistance in non-diabetic members of the Strong Heart Study cohort

  ≤ 1.71
(n = 784)
1.72–2.75
(n = 776)
2.76–4.66
(n = 785)
≥ 4.67
(n = 783)
Age (years)* 44 ± 18 46 ± 18 48 ± 16 48 ± 16
Sex (% women) 52 58 59 62
Hypertension (%) 18 28 31 35
Obesity (%) 12 37 58 78
Body mass index (kg/m2) 25 ± 4 29 ± 5 31 ± 5 35 ± 7
Waist circumference (cm) 88 ± 12 99 ± 12 103 ± 13 113 ± 15
Systolic BP (mmHg) 119 ± 18 122 ± 17 124 ± 16 126 ± 17
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 72 ± 11 75 ± 11 76 ± 10 77 ± 10
Heart rate (bpm) 67 ± 11 68 ± 11 69 ± 11 70 ± 11
GFRMDRD (ml/min/1.73 m2)* 94 ± 27 92 ± 25 92 ± 47 93 ± 27
Cholesterol (mg/dl)* 181 ± 38 190 ± 38 192 ± 37 185 ± 36
HDL-c (mg/dl) 55 ± 17 50 ± 15 46 ± 13 42 ± 12
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 105 ± 55 139 ± 87 161 ± 92 166 ± 105
Fibrinogen (mg/dl) 335 ± 70 348 ± 74 360 ± 76 367 ± 77
PAI-1 (ng/ml) 40 ± 47 48 ± 36 57 ± 40 71 ± 47
  1. *p for linear trend < 0.01
  2. p for trend < 0.001