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Table 2 Coronary plaques, calcification and epicardial adipose tissue in T1DM patients and controls

From: Coronary plaque characteristics and epicardial fat tissue in long term survivors of type 1 diabetes identified by coronary computed tomography angiography

  Type 1 diabetes
(n = 88)
Controls
(n = 60)
p-value*
Any plaque, n (%) 75 (85) 28 (47) < 0.01
CAC, Agatston units 124 (13–671) 1 (0–3) < 0.01
Calcified plaque volume (mm3) 21.0 (1.0–66.0) 0.2 (0.0–7.1) < 0.01
Mixed/soft plaque volume (mm3) 0.0 (0.0–8.7) 0.0 (0.0–0.0) < 0.01
Total plaque volume (mm3) 29.5 (3.9–95.8) 0.4 (0.0–7.4) < 0.01
Segment involvement score 3 (1–6) 1 (0–2) 0.01a
Segment stenosis score 4 (1–8) 1 (0–3) < 0.01a
Epicardial adipose tissue (cm3) 52.3 (36.1–65.5) 55 (38.3–79.6) 0.20a
Mean EAT attenuation (HU) − 73.0 (− 76.0 to − 68.8) − 76 (− 79.4 to − 70.9) 0.01a
  1. Presented as median (IQR) unless otherwise stated
  2. CAC coronary artery calcification, SD standard deviation, SIS segment involvement score, SSS segment stenosis score, EAT epicardial adipose tissue, HU Hounsfield units
  3. * Mann–Whitney-U test
  4. aIndependent samples t-test