Skip to main content

Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Coronary plaque characteristics and epicardial fat tissue in long term survivors of type 1 diabetes identified by coronary computed tomography angiography

  T1DM-patients
(n = 88)
Controls
(n = 60)
p-value*
Age (years) 61.3 ± 7.1 62.3 ± 6.8 0.38
Female, n% 47 (53.4) 34 (56.7) 0.70
Body mass index (kg/m3) 25.8 ± 3.9 25.5 ± 4.2 0.69
Waist circumference (cm) 90.3 ± 13.2 89.1 ± 12.2 0.55
Previous CVD, n% 6 (6.8) 2 (3.3) 0.36
Angina, typical 2 (2.3) 0 (0.0) 0.49
Angina, atypical 21 (24.1) 14 (23.3)
No angina 64 (73.6) 46 (76.7)
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 146 ± 19.8 137 ± 19.3 < 0.01
wSystolic blood pressure (mmHg) 130 ± 10.6   
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 75.3 ± 8.4 81.7 ± 9.7 < 0.01
Pulse pressure 71.6 ± 16.1 55.0 ± 14.1 < 0.01
Heart rate (bpm) 68 ± 10.3 62 ± 9.3 < 0.01
Hypertensiona, n% 23 (26.4) 11 (18.3) 0.25
Hyperlipidemiab, n% 27 (31.0) 12 (20.0) 0.17
Family history of CVD, n% 10 (11.5) 13 (21.7) 0.05
Daily smokers, n% 5 (5.7) 6 (10) 0.62
Ex-smokers, n% 34 (38.6) 22 (36.7)
pro-BNP (ng/L) 104.9 ± 110.1 67.4 ± 51.3 < 0.01
eGFR 85 ± 19.2 82 ± 12.8 0.18
Statin use, n% 40 (45.5) 6 (10.0) < 0.01
HDL-c (mmol/L) 2.1 ± 0.5 1.8 ± 0.5 < 0.01
Statin years 2.8 ± 4.3   
LDL-c (mmol/L) 2.8 ± 0.8 3.9 ± 1.0  < 0.01
wLDL-c (mmol/L) 2.9 ± 0.6   
Triglycerides (mmol/L), median (IQR) 0.77 (0.39–2.85) 0.93 (0.52–2.96)  < 0.01
HbA1c (mmol/mol) 7.4 ± 0.81 5.4 ± 0.28 < 0.01
wHbA1c (mmol/mol) 7.9 ± 0.83   
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SD unless otherwise stated
  2. T1DM type 1 diabetes mellitus, CVD cardiovascular disease, NT-proBNP N terminal-pro B-type natriuretic peptide, eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate, HDL-c high density lipoprotein-cholesterol, LDL-c low density lipoprotein cholesterol, wLDL-c weighted low density lipoprotein cholesterol, HbA1c glycated hemoglobin, wHbA1c weighted glycated hemoglobin
  3. * Independent samples t-test
  4. aHypertension: previous documented hypertension in the chart or from relevant discharge letters, based on readings with sBP > 140 and/or dBP > 90
  5. bHyperlipidemia: documented hyperlipidemia or a previous total cholesterol reading of > 6.2 or LDL > 4.9 mmol/L