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Table 3 Hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction and stroke by weight-change categories; sensitivity analysis excluding subjects with the occurrence of end points within 1 year of follow-up

From: Weight change and mortality and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with new-onset diabetes mellitus: a nationwide cohort study

Weight change (%) Myocardial infarction Stroke All-cause mortality
Events (n) Incidence rate (per 1000 person-years) HR (95% CI) Events (n) Incidence rate (per 1000 person-years) HR (95% CI) Events (n) Incidence rate (per 1000 person-years) HR (95% CI)
 ≥ − 10% 57 2.43 1.20 (0.91,1.58) 65 2.77 1.01 (0.78,1.30) 180 7.64 1.74 (1.48, 2.03)
 − 10 ~ − 5% 197 2.27 1.13 (0.96,1.33) 197 2.27 0.90 (0.77,1.06) 433 4.97 1.22 (1.09, 1.36)
 − 5 ~ 5% 870 2.09 1 (ref.) 1056 2.54 1 (ref.) 1614 3.87 1 (ref.)
 5 ~ 10% 126 2.15 1.01 (0.83,1.22) 163 2.78 1.10 (0.94,1.30) 306 5.19 1.28 (1.14, 1.45)
 ≥ 10% 55 2.52 1.18 (0.89,1.55) 77 3.54 1.35 (1.06,1.70) 140 6.39 1.58 (1.33, 1.88)
  1. Adjusted for age, sex, alcohol drinking, smoking, regular exercise, income status, baseline fasting glucose levels, dyslipidemia, hypertension, waist circumferences, insulin use and estimated glomerular filtration rate. HR hazard ratios, CI confidence intervals