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Table 2 Echocardiographic parameters in hypertensive and normotensive subjects

From: sRAGE and early signs of cardiac target organ damage in mild hypertensives

  Hypertensive patients (n = 100) Normotensive subjects (n = 100) p
ISWT (mm) 10.0 ± 1.5 9.2 ± 1.3 0.001
PWT (mm) 8.8 ± 1.2 8.2 ± 1.5 0.001
LVEDD (mm) 45.5 ± 4.3 45.9 ± 4.8 0.440
LVEDV (ml) 94.4 ± 25.6 92.0 ± 27.0 0.698
LVM (g) 146.1 ± 38.4 133.1 ± 35.6 0.056
LVM/BSA (g/m2) 78.6 ± 15.5 72.9 ± 15.5 0.017
LVMi (g/m2.7) 35.0 ± 7.3 32.8 ± 7.4 0.065
RWT 0.40 ± 0.1 0.36 ± 0.1 < 0.001
EF (%) 63.1 ± 4.9 63.6 ± 5.3 0.984
MWFS 17.0 ± 3.7 19.5 ± .4.6 < 0.001
E/A 1.1 ± 0.3 1.3 ± 0.6 0.028
Septum E′/A′ 0.9 ± 0.3 1.1 ± 0.4 < 0.001
Septum E/E′ 7.2 ± 1.6 7.2 ± 5.6 0.993
Lateral E′/A′ 1.3 ± 0.5 1.5 ± 0.5 0.094
Lateral E/E′ 5.1 ± 1.4 5.1 ± 1.4 0.651
LAD (mm) 33.1 ± 4.1 33.2 ± 4.1 0.710
LAV 4C (ml) 40.4 ± 12.8 38.9 ± 13.7 0.479
LAVi (ml/m2) 21.9 ± 6.2 21.1 ± 6.9 0.507
  1. ISWT interventricular septum wall thickness, PWT posterior wall thickness, LVEDD left ventricle end-diastolic diameter, LVEDV left ventricle end-diastolic volume, LVM left ventricle mass, LVM/BSA left ventricle mass indexed for body surface area, LVMi left ventricular mass index (i.e. LVM indexed for height: LVM/Height2.7), RWT relative wall thickness, EF ejection fraction, MWFS mid-wall-fractional-shortening, E transmitral early diastolic peak flow velocity, A late diastolic flow velocity and E’ and A’ are the parameters obtained by Tissue Doppler analysis, LAD left atrium diameter, LAV 4C left atrial volume-4 chamber, LAVi left atrial volume-4 chamber indexed for body surface area