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Table 2 Demographic information, complication incidence and co-morbidities according to diabetes mellitus status

From: Improved outcome of patients with diabetes mellitus with good glycemic control in the cardiac intensive care unit: a retrospective study

  No DM n = 2096 DM n = 370 p value
Age (years) 63.1 ± 14.0 67.8 ± 11.0 <0.001
Male sex 74.6 67.6 0.005
ICCU admission 97.7 97.3 0.672
Complications
 Pulmonary edema 5.4 5.7 0.854
 Acute infection 3.1 3.8 0.459
 Acute renal failure 1.2 4.1 <0.001
 Exacerbation of COPD 0.5 0.5 0.969
 Acute stroke 0.2 0.3 0.909
 Aspiration 0.2 0.3 0.909
Co-morbidities
 Hypertension 20.2 64.3 <0.001
 Hyperlipidemia 18.4 57.8 <0.001
 Chronic ischemic heart disease 9.2 29.2 <0.001
 Active smoker 4.7 5.4 0.544
 Obesity 2.7 13.0 <0.001
 Congestive heart failure 2.1 5.1 0.001
 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 1.4 4.9 <0.001
 Peripheral vascular diseases 0.8 5.1 <0.001
 History of stroke 0.7 2.7 <0.001
 Past smoker 0.8 2.4 0.005
 Chronic renal failure 2.3 8.4 <0.001
 Charlson Comorbidity Index 0.70 ± 0.76 1.82 ± 1.65 <0.001
  1. Values in italics signify statistically significant results