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Table 1 Characteristics of included studies

From: Epicardial fat tissue in patients with diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Study Country Arms Diabetes type N Age (year) BMI (Kg/m2) EFT Measurement tool NOS Score
Chen et al. [27] China Diabetes II 167 43.7 ± 10.9 22.6 ± 2.1 4.0 ± 1.5 mm Echocardiography (end-diastole parasternal long axis) 7
Non-diabetes   82 42.4 ± 10.2 22.0 ± 2.1 2.0 ± 1.5 mm   
Yazici et al. [29] Turkey Diabetes I 36 30.8 ± 7.7 24.7 ± 3.8 3.3 ± 1.1 mm Echocardiography (end-diastole parasternal average axis) 7
Non-diabetes   43 29.9 ± 4.9 24.6 ± 3.0 2.3 ± 0.3 mm   
Iacobellis et al. [20] American Diabetes I 15 52.8 ± 12.0 27.8 ± 5.2 7.2 ± 2.1 mm Echocardiography (end-systole parasternal average axis) 7
Non-diabetes   15 53.0 ± 9.0 27.4 ± 4.1 4.9 ± 2.5 mm   
Cetin et al. [21] Turkey Diabetes II 139 54.3 ± 9.2 27.6 ± 3.1 6.0 ± 1.5 mm Echocardiography (end-diastole parasternal average axis) 7
Non-diabetes   40 52.1 ± 7.3 29.1 ± 4.2 4.4 ± 1.0 mm   
Seker et al. [33] Turkey Diabetes II 186 62.5 ± 9.6 28.6 ± 4.4 6.5 ± 0.7 mm Echocardiography (End-systole parasternal average axis) 7
Non-diabetes   268 61.2 ± 10.9 27.6 ± 4.2 5.3 ± 1.0 mm   
Aslan et al. [37] Turkey Diabetes I 76 30.6 ± 10.3 23.3 ± 2.7 3.6 ± 0.5 mm Echocardiography (end-diastole parasternal average axis) 7
Non-diabetes   36 32.4 ± 8.5 24.2 ± 2.7 3.0 ± 0.5 mm   
Wang et al. [32] China Diabetes II 68 59.5 ± 9.9 26.9 ± 5.9 5.0 ± 1.2 mm Echocardiography (end-diastole parasternal long axis) 7
Non-diabetes   32 58.1 ± 9.2 23.7 ± 5.5 3.1 ± 0.8 mm   
Vasques et al. [30] Brazil Diabetes II 31 45.0 ± 6.0 36.0 ± 4.7 1.0 ± 0.3 mm Echocardiography (end-systole parasternal average axis) 7
Non-diabetes   37 36.0 ± 11.0 27.9 ± 7.4 0.7 ± 0.2 mm   
Wang et al. [34] China Diabetes II 49 56.8 ± 9.5 27.2 ± 3.6 166.1 ± 60.6 cm3 CT 8
Non-diabetes   78 54.1 ± 6.5 25.4 ± 3.4 123.4 ± 41.8 cm3   
Keles et al. [35] Turkey Diabetes I 45 34 ± 7.7 24.1 ± 3.4 7.0 ± 2.3 mm Echocardiography (end-diastole parasternal long axis) 6
Non-diabetes   35 32 ± 7.3 26.7 ± 6.5 6.0 ± 1.5 mm   
Akbas et al. [36] Turkey Diabetes II 156 53.62 ± 9.33 31.21 ± 5.87 4.7 ± 1.6 mm Echocardiography (end-diastole parasternal average axis) 7
Non-diabetes   50 51.06 ± 8.74 32.86 ± 7.52 3.9 ± 1.6 mm   
Akyürek et al. [31] Turkey Diabetes II 90 57.7 ± 11.4 28.9 ± 4.4 172.8 ± 64.9 cm3 CT 7
Non-diabetes   62 55.6 ± 10.7 26.5 ± 2.9 68.9 ± 37.7 cm3   
Philouze et al. [28] American Diabetes II 44 56.0 ± 6.0 26.9 ± 3.2 6.4 ± 1.7 mm Echocardiography (end-systole parasternal average axis) 6
Non-diabetes   35 52.0 ± 7.0 24.2 ± 3.6 3.3 ± 1.1 mm   
  1. BMI body mass index, EFT epicardial fat tissue, CT computed tomography, LDL low-density lipoprotein, HDL high-density lipoprotein