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Table 3 Histopathological characteristics of coronary-artery thrombi from initial findings on coronary angiography in 50 hyperglycemic and 50 normo-glycemic PS-matched patients undergoing thrombus aspiration

From: Thrombus aspiration in hyperglycemic ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients: clinical outcomes at 1-year follow-up

Characteristics of the thrombus Hyperglycemic patients Normo-glycemic patients P
Dimension (largest) (mm) 8.9 ± 2.7 2.2 ± 1.2* 0.001
Dimension (length) (mm) 34 ± 2.9 11 ± 0.8  
Fibrin (%) 38.6 ± 11.1 62.4 ± 15.6* 0.001
Platelet (%) 11.3 ± 6.2 12.5 ± 3.2 0.001
CD68 (%) 24.7 ± 4.9 9.1 ± 3.2* 0.001
TNF-α (pg/mg) 44.7 ± 12.1 19.3 ± 10.5* 0.001
MMP-9 (µg/mg) 16.9 ± 4.4 6.2 ± 1.6* 0.001
Nitrotyrosine (nmol/pg) 2.5 ± 0.21 1.1 ± 0.24 0.001
  1. *statisticaly significant (P value <0.05)