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Table 1 Clinical characteristics, subclinical atherosclerosis, and iEAT volume

From: Associations between epicardial adipose tissue, subclinical atherosclerosis and high-density lipoprotein composition in type 1 diabetes

Clinical characteristics Mean ± SD
Male/female 44 (61.1%)/28 (38.9%)
Age (years) 47.1 ± 8.7
Age at diagnosis of diabetes (years) 24.8 ± 8.7
Diabetes duration (years) 22.4 ± 2.1
Insulin dose (UI/kg/day) 0.67 ± 0.22
HbA1c (%) 7.6 ± 1.0
Global BMI/BMI males/BMI females (kg/m2) 27.0 ± 4.7/27.9 ± 4.3/25.6 ± 4.9
Waist circumference males/females (cm) 98.3 ± 11.5/87.2 ± 12.6
Overweight/obesity 28 (38.0%)/16 (22.2%)
Hypertension 21 (29.2%)
Dyslipidemia 34 (47.2%)
Statin treatment 31 (43.1%)
Active smoker/ex-smoker 26 (36.1%)/20 (27.8%)
Metabolic syndrome 23 (32%)
Subclinical coronary atherosclerosis
 No lesions 36 patients (50%)
 Stenosis < 40% 30 patients (41.7%)
 Stenosis 40–50% 4 patients (5.5%)
 Stenosis > 50%) 2 patients (2.8%)
Epicardial fat
 iEAT (cm3/m2) 40.47 ± 22.18
  1. Qualitative variables are expressed as n (%) and quantitative variables as mean ± SD