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Table 2 CMR findings between normal individuals, newly diagnosed and longer-term DM patients

From: Left ventricular subclinical myocardial dysfunction in uncomplicated type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with impaired myocardial perfusion: a contrast-enhanced cardiovascular magnetic resonance study

  Normal n = 30 Newly diagnosed DM n = 31 Longer-term DM n = 40
LVEDVI, ml/m2 76.95 ± 12.31 74.68 ± 11.55 73.31 ± 10.38
LVESVI, ml/m2 28.70 ± 5.23 30.09 ± 10.22 30.41 ± 9.36
LVSVI, ml/m2 48.24 ± 8.06 44.59 ± 8.26 41.54 ± 9.20*
LVEF, % 62.70 ± 3.39 60.05 ± 8.45 58.86 ± 8.93
Upslope 2.66 ± 0.56 2.12 ± 0.90* 1.81 ± 0.87*
TTM (s) 31.45 ± 5.45 33.91 ± 11.73 37.85 ± 11.03*
Max SI 22.95 ± 4.29 19.84 ± 5.11 17.98 ± 7.91*§
PS (%)
 Radial 43.33 ± 8.50 44.98 ± 9.11 41.95 ± 10.85
 Circumferential − 18.97 ± 1.38 − 19.27 ± 2.76 − 18.12 ± 2.80
 Longitudinal − 16.51 ± 2.16 − 16.12 ± 2.80 − 14.72 ± 2.48*
PSSR (1/s)
 Radial 2.49 ± 0.51 2.74 ± 0.73 2.46 ± 0.97
 Circumferential − 0.99 ± 0.16 − 0.98 ± 0.19 − 0.92 ± 0.22
 Longitudinal − 0.85 ± 0.18 − 0.88 ± 0.20 − 0.75 ± 0.15§
PDSR (1/s)
 Radial − 3.47 ± 0.89 − 3.56 ± 1.31 − 2.60 ± 1.41*§
 Circumferential 1.35 ± 0.25 1.20 ± 0.28* 0.97 ± 0.20*§
 Longitudinal 1.14 ± 0.20 0.97 ± 0.21* 0.77 ± 0.14*§
  1. Data given as the mean ± SD
  2. LV, left ventricular; EDV, end diastolic volume; ESV, end systolic volume; SV, stroke volume; I, indexed to BSA; EF, ejection fraction; Time Max, time to maximum signal intensity; Max SI, max signal intensity; PS, Peak Strain; PSSR, Peak Systolic Strain Rate; PDR, Peak Diastolic Strain Rate
  3. * p < 0.017 versus normal group (LSD)
  4. § p < 0.017 versus newly diagnosed DM patients (LSD)