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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study population by CVD event occurrence

From: The role of physical activity in the development of first cardiovascular disease event: a tree-structured survival analysis of the Danish ADDITION-PRO cohort

  No CVD event CVD event
N 1248 201
Male sex (%) 622 (49.8) 119 (59.2)*
Age (years) 65.4 [60.7, 70.2] 68.6 [63.3, 72.1]**
Employed (% yes)a 529 (42.4) 72 (35.8)
Smoking (% yes) 191 (15.3) 36 (17.9)
Clinical measures
 Body mass index (kg/m2) 27.0 [24.1, 30.4] 27.6 [25.3, 30.5]*
 Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 133 (17.3) 136 (17.8)*
 Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 82 (10.4) 83 (10.5)
 Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.5 (0.9) 5.5 (1.0)
 High density lipoprotein cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.5 [1.1, 1.9] 1.5 [1.2, 1.6]*
 Low density lipoprotein cholesterol (mmol/l) 3.3 (0.8) 3.2 (1.1)
 Triacylglycerol (mmol/l) 1.0 [0.7, 1.5] 1.2 [0.9, 1.6]
 HbA1c (%) 5.7 [5.5, 6.0] 5.8 [5.5, 6.1]**
 HbA1c (mmol/mol) 39 [37, 42] 40 [37, 43]**
 Albumin creatinine ratio 87 [49, 114] 86 [35, 114]
 Estimated glomerular filtration rate (ml/min/1.73m2) 79.4 [70.6, 88.0] 77.0 [68.0, 87.0]*
Medication use
 Any anti-diabetic drug (%) 61 (4.9) 12 (6.0)
 Any anti-hypertensive drug (%) 474 (38.3) 100 (50.0)**
 Any lipid-lowering drug (%) 303 (24.5) 55 (27.5)
 Aspirin (%) 164 (13.2) 45 (22.5)**
Physical activity behavior
 Monitor wear time (days) 6.6 (1.3) 6.7 (1.2)*
 Physical activity energy expenditure (kJ/kg/day) 31.0 [22.0, 42.0] 28.0 [21.0, 39.0]*
 Light intensity physical activity (h/day) 4.8 (1.8) 4.5 (1.7)
 MVPA (min/day) 29.8 [12.0, 56.3] 24.0 [7.3, 44.7]**
 MVPA in bouts ≥ 10 min (min/day) 8.2 [0.0, 24.4] 4.4 [0.0, 18.7]*
 MVPA guidelines ≥ 30 min/day (%) 532 (42.6) 72 (35.8)
 Vigorous physical activity (min/day) 0.0 [0.0, 0.3] 0.0 [0.0, 0.1]
 Awake sedentary time (h/day) 12.0 (2.2) 12.4 (2.3)*
  1. Data are median [IQR], mean (SD) or n (%)
  2. HbA1c glycated hemoglobin A1c, MVPA moderate-to-vigorous physical activity
  3. * For p-value < 0.05 and ** for < 0.01
  4. aEmployed includes the self-employed. Out of work includes the unemployed, housewives, retired individuals and individuals receiving government provisions