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Table 3 Unmatched uni- and multivariable hazard ratios to predict the primary prognostic endpoint of long-term all-cause mortality at 2 years (n = 2422)

From: Type 2 diabetes is independently associated with all-cause mortality secondary to ventricular tachyarrhythmias

  n (%) Univariable Multivariable
HR 95% CI p value HR 95% CI p value
Age > 70 years 1057 (44) 1.924 1.714–2.210 0.001 1.560 1.305–1.866 0.001
Male gender 1728 (72) 0.945 0.822–1.086 0.428 1.299 1.069–1.579 0.008
Chronic kidney disease 1188 (49) 3.637 3.136–4.218 0.001 2.792 2.293–3.400 0.001
Acute myocardial infarction 687 (28) 1.422 1.245–1.624 0.001 0.719 0.587–0.881 0.001
LVEF < 55% 1247 (52) 1.622 1.332–1.976 0.001 1.861 1.509–2.294 0.001
Coronary artery disease 1490 (62) 0.959 0.842–1.091 0.521 0.938 0.766–1.147 0.531
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation 1256 (52) 2.312 2.146–2.491 0.001 1.841 1.657–2.045 0.001
Presence of an ICD, overall 860 (36) 0.207 0.172–0.248 0.001 0.245 0.196–0.306 0.001
Diabetes 613 (25) 1.513 1.322–1.731 0.001 1.209 1.010–1.447 0.039
  1. CI confidence interval, CKD chronic kidney disease, HR hazard ratio, ICD implantable cardioverter defibrillator, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction
  2. Level of significance p < 0.05; statistical trend p < 0.1