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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of men and women, including laboratory and echocardiographic parameters

From: Association between epicardial adipose tissue, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and myocardial dysfunction in middle-aged men with suspected metabolic syndrome

  Men Women p
Anthropometric parameters
 Age (years) 56.3 ± 5.0 55.9 ± 4.4 0.561
 Body mass index (kg/m2) 25.9 ± 2.8 25.5 ± 2.9 0.207
 Waist (cm) 90.6 ± 6.6 84.5 ± 7.6 < 0.001
 Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 126.5 ± 14.4 121.2 ± 15.1 0.003
 Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 78.1 ± 9.8 74.2 ± 9.1 0.001
Underlying diseases
 Hypertension (n [%]) 12 (9.1%) 6 (4.6%) 0.302
 Diabetes mellitus (n [%]) 3 (2.3%) 1 (0.8%) 0.513
 Dyslipidemia (n [%]) 16 (12.1%) 7 (5.3%) 0.079
Laboratory findings
 Fasting blood glucose (mg/dl) 104.0 ± 16.2 95.8 ± 11.5 < 0.001
 Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 192.4 ± 32.3 204.3 ± 31.7 0.002
 LDL-cholesterol (mg/dl) 123.5 ± 32.6 134.0 ± 31.9 0.007
 Triglyceride (mg/dl) 170.8 ± 105.0 138.3 ± 77.4 0.004
 HDL-cholesterol (mg/dl) 48.3 ± 13.5 54.3 ± 13.0 < 0.001
 TG/HDL ratio 4.1 ± 4.0 2.9 ± 2.4 0.003
 Apolipoprotein AI (mg/dl) 138.8 ± 26.5 145.8 ± 24.1 0.02
 Apolipoprotein B (mg/dl) 100.8 ± 21.6 101.8 ± 24.1 0.722
 Adiponectin (ng/ml) 7.5 ± 4.9 12.4 ± 6.3 < 0.001
 WBC count (× 103/μl) 3.93 ± 2.70 3.96 ± 3.10 0.937
 High-sensitivity CRP (mg/dl) 1.39 ± 2.58 1.21 ± 1.74 0.513
Echocardiographic parameters
 EAT thickness (mm) 7.02 ± 1.81 7.13 ± 1.70 0.613
 LVMI (g/m2) 75.0 ± 23.2 68.6 ± 14.3 0.006
 LAVI (ml/m2) 24.2 ± 8.5 26.8 ± 7.1 0.006
 EF (%) 58.5 ± 6.4 59.4 ± 9.1 0.352
 E (cm/s) 51.5 ± 12.6 56.3 ± 13.1 0.002
 A (cm/s) 55.7 ± 16.7 59.9 ± 14.7 0.029
 E/A ratio 1.0 ± 0.8 1.0 ± 0.3 0.516
 DT (ms) 193.5 ± 43.6 187.6 ± 41.9 0.263
 e′ (cm/s) 6.3 ± 1.5 6.3 ± 1.6 0.839
 E/e 7.0 ± 1.8 7.8 ± 1.9 < 0.001
 GLS (%) − 15.3 ± 2.3 − 17.0 ± 2.0 < 0.001
  1. Data are presented as number (%) for categorical variables or mean ± standard deviation for continuous variables
  2. LDL, low-density lipoprotein; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; TG/HDL, triglyceride/HDL-cholesterol; WBC, white blood cell; CRP, C-reactive protein; LVMI, left ventricular mass index; LAVI, left atrial volume index; EF, ejection fraction; E, early diastolic mitral inflow velocity; DT, deceleration time; e′, septal early mitral tissue velocity; a′, septal late mitral tissue velocity; s′, septal systolic mitral tissue velocity; GLS, global longitudinal strain